hebrew
1)

What exactly, is "Reishis Degancha ... "?

1.

Rashi: "Reishis Degancha ... " refers to Terumah. 1


1

Rashi, Devarim 26:13): The first from the time that it became Dagan - following the Miru'ach (flattening the pile that follows the winnowing). See also Ba'al ha'Turim and refer to Bamidbar, 18:12:1:1*). We also learn from here that Terumah only falls due after the crops have been detached - Rashi (citing Kidushin, 62a).

2)

What exactly, is "Reishis Geiz Tzoncha"?

1.

Rashi #1: It is the first of the annual crop of wool 1 of all one's sheep.

2.

Rashi #2 (in Shmuel 1, 15:21): "Reishis Degancha" means the best of one's crops. 2


1

See Sifsei Chachamim.

2

Rashi: See also Bamidbar 18:30.

3)

How much is one obligated to give the Kohen of one's corn, wine and oil and of one's sheep's wool?

1.

Rashi (citing T'rumos, 4:3): Although the Torah does not specify the amount that one is obligated to give, the Chachamim gave the Shi'ur for Terumah 1 as a fortieth - for a generous person; a fiftieth - for an average person, and a sixtieth 2 - for a person who is miserly; and the Shi'ur for Reishis ha'Gez as a sixtieth, which one must give from a minimum of five sheep. 3

2.

Targum Yonasan: The minimum Shi'ur of Reishis ha'Gez is enough wool to manufacture a belt for the Bigdei Kehunah. 4


1

In which case there is no minimum Shi'ur min ha'Torah ('Chitah Achas Poteres es ha'K'ri' - Chulin, 137b)

2

Rashi (citing Yerushalmi, T'rumos, 4:3): The Chachamim supported this minimum Shi'ur with a Pasuk in Yechezkel, 45:13 (See Rashi).

3

See Rashi.

4

See Peirush Yonasan.

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