hebrew
1)

Why does the Torah insert the words "be'Kerev Artz'cha'?

1.

Ramban: Bearing in mind that "Efes ki Lo Yih'yeh b'cha Evyon refers to Eretz Yisrael exclusively, 1 the Torah here is referring to wherever one lives, even in Chutz la'Aretz, as does "be'Artz'cha" at the end of the Pasuk. 2


1

See Pasuk 4.

2

Ramban: Similar to "be'Moshvoseichem - in Bamidbar 35:29, which incorporates both Eretz Yisrael and Chutz la'Aretz.

2)

Bearing in mind what the Torah wrote in Pasuk 4 ("Efes ki Lo Yih'yeh b'cha Evyon"), what are the implications of "Ki Lo Yechdal Evyon ... "?

1.

Rashi, Ramban and Targum Yonasan: Refer to 15:4:1:1.

2.

Rashbam: Refer to 15:4:1:3, and what the Pasuk writes here is based on the Pasuk in Koheles,7:20 "Ki Adam Ein Tzadik ba'Aretz asher Ya'aseh Tov ve'Lo Yecheta".

3.

Seforno: Refer to 15:4:1:4*, and the current Pasuk is in the form of a prophesy 1 that Yisrael would then sin. 2


1

See Ramban's objection to this explanation.

2

Seforno: Just as Moshe told the people later - in Devarim 31:29 - "Ki Yada'ati Acharei Mosi ki Hashcheis Tashchisun".

3)

Why does the Torah insert the word "Leimor"?

1.

Rashi: It is offering a sound piece of advice. 1

4)

Why does the Torah insert the word "le'Achicha"?

1.

Ramban #1: Because the Din of Tzedakah only applies to giving to a fellow Yisrael, but not to a Nochri.

2.

Ramban #2 (citing the Sifri): The Torah mentions both "Achicha" and "Evyonei Artzecha" to give precedence to one's relatives over strangers.

3.

Ibn Ezra: Refer to 15:11:5:1.

5)

Why does the Torah insert the word "Aniyecha"?

1.

Ibn Ezra: The Torah is presenting the order of precedence in which to give Tzedakah: 1. "Achicha" - a close relative; 2. "Aniyecha" - other members of your family; 3. "Evyonei Artz'cha" - the poor of your country; 4. the poor of other countries.

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