Which Ma'aser is this Pasuk referring to?


Rashi and Ramban: It is referring to Ma'aser Sheini which must be eaten within the walls of Yerushalayim. 1


Seforno: It is referring to Ma'asering crops and animals, because giving Ma'aser causes an increase in one's crops and in one's flocks. 2


Rashi: It cannot be referring to Ma'aser Rishon, which the Torah already discussed in Korach, Bamidbar, 18:26, and which can be eaten anywhere (since it is Chulin which does anyway not need redemption - Ramban) - as the Torah stated there in Pasuk 31. (Nor can the Torah be referring to Ma'aser Ani, which the Pasuk discusses in Pasuk 28).


Seforno: As the Gemara says in Ta'anis, 9a 'Aser Bishvil she'Tis'asher' (Give Ma'aser in order to become rich!'). Refer to 14:22:1:1.


How will eating one's Ma'aser Sheini in Yerushalayim teach a person Yir'as Shamayim?


Ramban: The Kohanim and the judges who stay in Yerushalayim will teach him how to fear Hashem, in addition to teaching him Torah and Mitzvos.


Rashbam: 'When you see the location of the Shechinah - the Kohanim performing the Avodah, the Levi'im on the Duchan (singinf) and Yisrael in their places (standing by their Korban)'.


Seforno: Because in the place that is chosen for the Beis-Hamikdash, that is where the Beis-Din ha'Gadol sit to teach and to Pasken.


Why does the Torah insert B'chor Beheinah in the Pasuk of Ma'aser Sheini?


To teach us that, like Ma'aser Sheini, a B'chor does not become Pasul from one year to the next. 1


Refer to 15:20:2:1.

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