hebrew
1)

Seeing as the Torah goes on to define the borders of Eretz Yisrael, why does it see fit to insert the words "Kol ha'Makom asher Tidroch Kaf Raglechem ... "?

1.

Rashi (in Yehoshua, 1:3): It means that after you conquer all of Eretz Yisrael 1 , any place that you capture in Chutz la'Aretz, will become sanctified 2 and belong to you.

2.

Rashbam: 'Wherever you fight the seven nations will become yours'.

3.

Ramban: These are two promises - (a) Any land that you conquer in the lands of Shin'ar (Bavel) or Ashur will belong to you 3 and (b) The specified land will be your borders - and you are obligated to conquer it and to destroy the people who live there. 4


1

Ramban: You are obligated to conquer it and to destroy the people who live there.

2

Ramban: And it will get all the laws of Eretz Yisrael-.

3

Ramban: And it will get all the laws of Eretz Yisrael - provided you conquer Eretz Kena'an first - See Ramban DH 'umi'Ka'an'.

4

Ramban: As the Torah explained in Pasuk 23.

2)

What is the significance of "Midbar", "Nehar P'ras" and "Yam ha'Acharon"?

1.

Ramban and Rashbam: "Midbar" 1 is the southern border, "Nehar P'ras", the northern border and "Yam ha'Acharon" 2 , the Mediterranean Sea, the western border.


1

Rashi (in Yehoshua, 1:4): With reference to Midbar Tzin, which was situated on the south-eastern tip of Eretz Kena'an, where Yisrael were currently encamped, and from where they entered Kena'an - See Bamidbar 20:16. (This requires investigation. That verse says that we were on the border of Edom, and we asked to pass through to get to Eretz Yisrael! Also, Yisrael passed by Edom and Mo'av, and conquered Sichon and Og, and from there entered Eretz Yisrael!

3)

What does "Levanon" refer to?

1.

Targum Onkelos: It refers to Lebanon.

2.

Targum Yonasan: It refers to the mountain of (on which was built) the Beis-Hamikdash. 1


1

Rashi (3:25) said so, but there Moshe listed what he wanted to see in Eretz Yisrael. Rashi could hold like Targum Onkelos that here, discussing the borders of Eretz Yisrael, it refers to Lebanon. (PF)

4)

What does "Levanon" refer to?

1.

Targum Onkelos: It refers to Lebanon.

2.

Targum Yonasan: It refers to Har Levanon - which is synonymous with the Beis-Hamikdash.

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