Why does the Torah insert "Vesamtem ... " here after the punishment of Galus?


Rashi and Ramban 1 : It is a command to wear Tefilin and affix Mezuzos even after they are in Galus, so that the Mitzvos will not be new (and unfamiliar) when they return. 2


See R. Chavel's notes on Ramban, DH Sod Amuk.


Rashi: As the Pasuk writes in Yirmiyah, 31:20. Ramban (citing the Sifri): And this Pasuk comes to teach us the obligation to keep the Mitzvos that are not connected with the land even when we are in Galus


What is the difference between "Al Levavchem" and "Al Nafshechem"?


Seforno: "Al Levavchem" means 'Reflect on them', and "Al Nafshechem" means 'perform them with goodwill'.



Rashi writes that we must wear Tefilin and affix Mezuzos even in Galus, lest the Mitzvos be new when we return. Mitzvos that do not depend on the land apply mid'Oraisa also in Chutz la'Aretz (Kidushin 36b)!


Moshav Zekenim: The Mitzvah of Mezuzos on gates of cities is only mid'Rabanan in Chutz la'Aretz. The Torah Mitzvah is only on your gates.


Kol Eliyahu, Divrei Eliyahu: There is a printing mistake. Initially, the text in Rashi said "Hei Tov, Ayin Mem." A scribe expanded this to say "Hanichu Tefilin Asu Mezuzos." Really, it stands for "Hafrishu Terumos Isru Ma'aseros", Mitzvos that depend on the land. They should be kept in Chutz la'Aretz, lest they be new when you return! 1


According to the G'ra, it ought to be a Mitzvah to separate T'rumos and Ma'asros in Chutz la'Aretz, which is not the case.Moreover, the Sifri specifically mentions the Mitzvos of Tefilin and of Talmud Torah

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