hebrew
1)

What is the meaning of "Elokei ha'Elokim va'Adonei ha'Adonim"?

1.

Rashi: It means that no master is able to save you from His hands. 1

2.

Ramban: 'He is the G-d of the angels, and the Master of the hosts of the heaven. 2

3.

Seforno: It means that He is the Eternal One who is above all the eternal beings who are devoid of physical substance 3 and the leader of leaders' - the celestial sphere and the power that moves it. 4

4.

Targum Onkelos and Targum Yonasan: It means that Hashem is G-d of the judges and the Master of kings. 5 .


1

Rashi does not translate "Elokei ha'Elohim".

2

Ramban: To whom He designated the power to govern the earth.

3

Seforno: Whose existence stems from His existence.

4

Seforno: Whose every action is only to attain the objectives that He has set.

5

Na'ar Yonasan: See also Rashi in Daniel, 2:47.

2)

What are the implications of the three titles "ha'Gadol, ha'Gibor veha'Nora"?

1.

Rashi (in his explanation on the Sidur): 'His greatness and awesomeness were known to the Avos when they traveled from one nation to another and He did not allow them (the nations) to oppress them; and in His might, His greatness and awesomeness shielded over Yisrael.' 1

2.

Ramban: 'Greatness and might belong to Him and He is awesome in the magnificence of His strength'.

3.

Seforno: 'There is no creation that is comparable to Him; He upholds the entire universe with His existence; 2 He is Awesome in that He supervises - to reward and punish.

4.

Torah Temimah (citing Yoma 69b, commenting on this Pasuk): Yirmiyah came and declared 'The Ovdei-Kochavim are dancing in His Heichal! Where is His awesomeness?' - So he omitted 'Nora' [from Birkas Avos in the Amidah]. Then along came Daniel and declared 'Ovdei-Kochavim are subjugating His children! Where are His mighty deeds?' - So he left out 'Gibor'. Until the Anshei Kenesses ha'Gedolah announced 'On the contrary, That is His Gevurah - to overcome His desire [to punish], and be patient with the Resha'im! This is His awesomeness - if not for His Fear, how could one nation possibly survive among the other nations? 3


1

Rashi (citing Tehilim, 90:4): "His truth is shield and armor".

2

Seforno: As the Pasuk writes in Nechemyah, 9:6 - "v'Atah Mechayeh es Kulam".

3

Yoma, 69b: So they reinstated all three titles - 'ha'Kel ha'Gadol, ha'Gibor, veha'Nora'.

3)

What are the implications of the phrases "Lo Yisa Panim v'Lo Yikach Shochad"?

1.

Rashi: 'He will not show favor to those who cast off His yoke, nor can one appease Him with money'. 1

2.

Ramban #1: He does not favor any of the above-mentioned gods or masters 2 - to protect their adherents, or accept bribes from any person. 3

3.

Ramban #2 (citing Targum Onkelos): 'He does not show favoritism and does not accept bribes'.

4.

Ramban #3: 'He does not favor a great man (a Tzadik) in his litigation against someone who is smaller than him, or accept bribes from a wealthy man when he litigates against a poor man.

5.

Seforno: 'He does not favor the wicked son due to his righteous father or lighten the punishment for a sin on account of a Mitzvah that one performed'. 4


1

Such as by giving Tzedakah with money that one stole - Mosad ha'Rav. Kook).

2

Refer to 12:17:1:2.

3

Ramban: Inasmuch as, if even the most pious person sins, Hashem will not accept any of his Mitzvos to atone for him, but will punish him for his sins and reward him for his Mitzvos - See R. Chavel's notes.

4

Seforno (citing Sotah, 21a): 'A Mitzvah cannot extinguish an Aveirah'. And all this teaches us that there is no escape from the full punishment for one's sins other than Teshuvah.

4)

Here it says "Asher Lo Yisa Panim" In Bamidbar (6:26), it says "Yisa Hashem Panav Elecha"!

1.

Refer to Bamidbar 6:26:151:1-4 and the notes there.

Sefer: Perek: Pasuk:
Month: Day: Year:
Month: Day: Year:

KIH Logo
D.A.F. Home Page
Sponsorships & Donations Readers' Feedback Mailing Lists Talmud Archives Ask the Kollel Dafyomi Weblinks Dafyomi Calendar Other Yomi calendars