hebrew
1)

Having already said "u'Shefat'tem Tzedek" (See Sifsei Chachamim), why did Moshe add "Lo Sakiru Panim ba'Mishpat"?

1.

Rashi: Moshe is talking here, not to the judges, but to those who appoint them - prohibiting them from basing their appointment on the candidate's looks or strength or on the fact that he is his relative, even though he is not an expert in law. 1


1

Rashi: And if such a judge obligates one who should be exempt, or vice-versa, the Torah places the blame on the one who appointed him.

2)

What are the ramifications of "ka'Katon ka'Gadol Tishma'un"?

1.

Rashi #1: The judge must treat a small case of a Prutah with the same seriousness as one of a hundred Manah - inasmuch as, if it appears in court first, it should be given precedence, and not pushed off till last.

2.

Rashi #2 (citing Targum Onkelos): The judge must treat the two litigants equally, irrespective of financial status - He may not vindicate the poor man so that he should be sustained honorably. Nor may he vindicate a rich man who owes a pittance,to protect his dignity, and after he leaves the courtroom, tell him 'Really, you owe him

3)

What is the translation of "Lo Saguru Mipnei Ish"?

1.

Rashi #1: It means that the judges should not be afraid of anyone 1 (of a rich man or a ruler - Targum Yonasan).

2.

Rashi #2: 'Do not gather in (hold back) 2 your words.


1

See Sifsei Chachamim.

2

Rashi: As in "Oger ba'Kayitz" (Mishlei, 10:5). Riva - this is from Sanhedrin 6b. If a Talmid in front of his Rebbi sees reason to vindicate the Oni and obligate the rich man, he may not be silent.

4)

What are the connotations of "Ki ha'Mishpat l'Eilokim Hu"?

1.

Rashi #1: If a judge takes away money from someone unjustly, he forces Hashem to pay him back - thereby placing a lawsuit on Hashem's Shoulders (Kevayachol).

2.

Rashi #2: Sanhedrin, 56b): It is a reason for the judges not to be afraid of anyone other than Hashem.

3.

Ramban: It is in front of Hashem that the Beis-Din adjudicates and in His place. 1 Consequently, if they fear litigants or judge corruptly, they will have sinned against Hashem, since they aborted His Shelichus.

4.

Targum Yonasan: The Dayanim must judge truthfully, becsause justice takes place before Hashem, before Whom all hidden things are revealed. 2


1

Ramban: As the Pasuk in Divrei ha'Yamim 2, 19:6 indicates. Since it is on condition that justice and honesty exist among His creations that He created them, and to rescue the victim from the one who robbed him.

2

Na'ar Yonasan: And who therefore knows if a Dayan is hiding the truth out of fear.

Sefer: Perek: Pasuk:
Month: Day: Year:
Month: Day: Year:

KIH Logo
D.A.F. Home Page
Sponsorships & DonationsReaders' FeedbackMailing ListsTalmud ArchivesAsk the KollelDafyomi WeblinksDafyomi CalendarOther Yomi calendars