hebrew
1)

What do the excessive words "Va'atzaveh es Shofteichem" teach us?

1.

Rashi: They come to teach us that Moshe instructed the judges to judge patiently - in the event that a case is brought to them multiple times (it is essentially just like a previous case they judged), they should not rush to give the verdict, rather, they should deliberate (as if it was the first time) 1 .

2.

Refer to 1:16:2:2.


1

See also the last Ba'al ha'Turim on this verse.

2)

What are the implications of "ba'Eis ha'Hi"?

1.

Rashi: After picking the judges, Moshe informed them that, whereas in the past, they were their own bosses, from now on, they were subservient to the community.

2.

Ba'al ha'Turim: It implies that every judge in his generation is like Moshe in his generation.

3)

What are the implications of the words "Shamo'a bein Acheichem"?

1.

Rashi (Sanhedrin, 7b: This implies that the judge is not permitted to hear out the claims of one litigant even his opponent is not present. 1

2.

Targum Yonasan: It implies that a. both litigants must be treated equally


1

Rashi (Ibid.): Because if he does, the Dayan is bound to be influenced by the false version of events supplied by the first litigant and he will not therefore attempt to look into the merits of his opponent.

4)

What do we learn from "u'Shefat'tem Tzedek"?

1.

Targum Yonasan:We learn that the Dayan must judge truthfully and try and compromise between the parties. 1


1

See Na'ar Yonasan.

5)

What is the meaning of "u'Bein Giyoreih"?

1.

Rashi #1 and Targum Yonasan: It refers to the other litigant who heaps up words against him.

2.

Rashi #2: It refers to matters of habitation (al Iskei 'Dirah')


1

Two kinds of ovens.

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