hebrew
1)

What does "Havu lachem" mean?

1.

Rashi: It means 'Make preparations' (to appoint judges).

2)

What are the implications of "Anashim?

1.

Rashi: It implies 'Tzadikim'. 1


1

Rashi: It is obvious that it does not come to preclude women!

3)

What is the difference between "Chachamim" and "Nevonim" in this context?

1.

Rashi: "Chachamim" means 'Kesufim' 1 , whereas "Nevonim" means 'people who are capable of extrapolating one thing from another. 2

2.

Targum Onkelos and Targum Yonasan: They mean literally 'Chachamim' and 'Nevonim' respectively - corresponding to Chochmah 3 and Binah. 4


1

See Sifsei Chachamim. Gur Aryeh implies that the text of Rashi should be like the Sifri; Anashim Chachamim are Vasikim Kesufim.' I.e. their actions are based on Tzedek and Chochmah, and due to this, they are beloved. (It is not clear as to why Rashi declines to trnslate "Chachamim" literally

4)

What are the connotations of "Yedu'im le'Shivteichem"?

1.

Rashi and Ramban #1 (citing the Sifri): The judges whom Moshe picks must be known to their tribes. 1

2.

Ramban #2: "Le'Shivteichem" refers, not to "Yedu'im", but to all the requirements. The Pasuk therefore reads 'Bring (or prepare) for your tribes Chachamim ... ', and "Yedu'im" means that the prospective judges must be known to be suited for judgment - they possess all the necessary qualities for a judge 2 - "Anshei Chayil, Yir'ei Elokim, Anshei Emes and Son'ei Batza."

3.

Targum Yonasan: "Yedu'im" means people with Da'as (intelligence - who are not only Chachamim and Nevonim, but who are also capable of presenting the reasoning behind their conclusions).


1

Ramban: So that everybody will agree that they are worthy of the position.

2

Ramban: As described by Yisro.

5)

Why is "va'Asimem" (according to some texts) written without a 'Yud'?

1.

Rashi: To teach us that the sins of Yisrael 1 are blamed on to their judges, who failed to protest and guide them along the correct path. 2


1

Rashi: As if it had written 'Ashmam", with a 'Shin'.

2

See also Ba'al ha'Turim.

6)

What are the connotations of the suffix "chem" in the word "be'Rasheichem"?

1.

Rashi: To obligate the people to treat them with the respect that is due to their position - to honor them 1 and behave toward them with awe.


1

Rashi (on Pasuk 15): By giving them first rights to buy and sell their goods and regarding business (and by allowing them to be the last to enter the Beis ha'Keneses and the first to leave - Sifsei Chachamim, on Pasuk 15). some texts read that the judge is the first to enter and the last to leave

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