hebrew
1)

What did the Chatas atone for?

1.

Rashi: It atoned for Kever ha'Tehom 1 and for Tum'as Safek.


1

See Sifsei Chachamim.

2)

What is the significance of a goat?

1.

Rashi (22, citing R. Moshe ha'Darshen): To atone for the sale of Yosef, at which time they slaughtered a goat.

2.

Ramban (2, from Bamidbar Rabah 13:14): To atone for Yehudah bringing Yosef's shirt [dipped in a goat's blood] to Yakov.

3.

Rosh (12): This corresponds to Esav, who is called "Ish Se'ir" (Bereishis 27:11). The angels asked why he is remembered with Tzadikim. Hashem said, he is mentioned for a Chatas, and will bear the sins of his fathers - "v'Nasa ha'Sa'ir Alav Es Kol Avonosam" (Vayikra 16:22).

3)

On what grounds was he permitted to bring a Chatas Nedavah?

1.

Ramban: It was a temporary Heter to permit them to inaugurate the Mizbe'ach with all the types of Korban that are brought on it.

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