hebrew
1)

What are the implications of "v'Samu Es Sh'mi"?

1.

Rashi (from Sifri): It implies that the Kohanim should bless Yisrael with the Shem ha'Meforash. 1

2.

Moshav Zekeinim citing Yerushalmi (Gitin 5:9): Do not say 'a Kohen who transgresses Arayos and murder 2 blesses me?!' I (Hashem) bless you, and not him!


1

Refer to 6:23:1:1**, 6:27:151:1-3.

2

Moshav Zekeinim citing R. Simchah: Even though a Kohen who murdered may not Duchan (Brachos 32b), if he repented, he may.

2)

What are the implications of "va'Ani Avarachem"?

1.

Rashi #1, Targum Onkelos and Targum Yonasan: It implies that Hashem will bless Yisrael. 1

2.

Rashi #2: It implies that (when the Kohanim bless Yisrael) Hashem will bless the Kohanim.


1

Refer to 6:23:2:2. See also Ba'al ha'Turim.

QUESTIONS ON RASHI

3)

Rashi writes that they bless with Shem ha'Mefurash. What is this, and where is this done?

1.

Sotah 38a: In the Mikdash, Hashem's name is pronounced like it is written 1 (with Yud-Kei - Rashi 38a). Outside the Mikdash, a Kinuy 2 is said (Aleph-Dalet).

2.

R. Bechayei: It is Hashem's 12-letter name, which contains His four-letter name three times, with different Nekudos.

3.

Gevuras Ari (Yuma 66a, citing Rav Hai Gaon): It is Hashem's 42-letter name.


1

Tosfos Yom Tov (Yuma 6:2, citing RaMaK) - people fell down only when the Kohen Gadol said Shem ha'Mefurash in Avodas Yom Kipur. Perhaps at all other times it was said with the Nekudos of Shem Aleph-Dalet.

2

Kol Eliyahu: The former is "Shmi"; the Kinuy is a mere Zecher of His name. "V'Samu Es Shmi" teaches Birkas Kohanim in the Mikdash; the Sifri includes outside the Mikdash from "b'Chol Makom Asher Azkir Es Shmi" (Shemos 20:21).

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