hebrew
1)

Why does the Torah add the word "v'Chol Terumah"?

1.

Rashbam: It comes to incorporate the Terumah Gedolah and Terumas Ma'aser that the Levi separates. 1


1

Note that the Rashbam, does not seem to be bothered by Rashi's question; refer to 5:9:2.

2)

It is the Kohen who must go to the granary to receive Terumah; so why does the Torah write "v'Chol Terumah asher Yakrivu la'Kohen"?

1.

Rashi (citing R. Yishmael 1 in the Sifri) and Seforno: The Pasuk is referring (not to Terumah Gedolah, but) to Bikurim, which is also called 'Terumah', and which one brings to the Beis Hamikdash. 2


1

Ramban: R. Yishmael asks that the Pasuk cannot discuss Terumah, since "Yakrivu" is used exclusively for something that is brought on the Mizbe'ach (See Ramban, DH 'v'Od Shanu', who elaborates).

2

Rashi: As the Torah writes in Shemos 23:19. And the Torah here teaches us that one gives it to the Kohen (Sifri).

3)

What does this Pasuk teach us?

1.

Rashi: As opposed to Terumah, 1 Bikurim must be brought to the Beis-Hamikdash 2 and given to the Kohanim of the Mishmar that is currently serving in the Beis-Hamikdash (Ramban and Seforno).

2.

Ramban #1: It teaches us that, once one gives the Kohen Terumah Gedolah, it belongs to him, and whoever steals it from him must bring an Asham Gezeilos. 3

3.

Ramban #2: It is coming to teach us the basic law that Terumah and Kodshim 4 must be given to the Kohen. 5

4.

Ramban #3, Moshav Zekeinim (citing the Sifri): The Torah does not give a Shi'ur for Terumah. Our verse teaches that whatever one designates as Terumah takes effect and he must give it to the Kohen - the Kohen may not take forcibly - and he must leave some over. He cannot designate the entire granary to be Terumah.


1

Refer to 5:10:2:2.

2

Seforno: One brings the first-fruits to the Owner of the land - Hashem, who hands them to the Kohanim of that Mishmar, just as He does with Gezel ha'Ger (Refer to 5:8:2:1).

3

Ramban: Which explains why the Torah inserts it here.

4

In Pasuk 10, and the law of Ma'aser Sheini and Ma'aser Beheimah it taught in Vayikra 27:30 (Ramban).

5

Ramban: Because until now, the Torah only gave hints as to what to do with it - See, for example, Shemos, 22:28 and Vayikra, 22:11.

QUESTIONS ON RASHI

4)

Rashi writes that the verse teaches that one gives Bikurim to a Kohen. We learn from this "Bikurei Kol Asher b'Artzam...Lecha Yihyeh" (18:13)!

1.

Moshav Zekeinim: Our verse uses an expression of Hakravah to teach that one must give to the Kohen from hand to hand, and he is credited as if he offered them on the Mizbe'ach. One who gives a gift to a Chacham is like one who offered Bikurim (Kesuvos 105b).

2.

Moshav Zekeinim #2: The verse below (18:13) teaches that Bikurim apply attached to the land, unlike Terumah. "B'Artzam" implies attached.

3.

Moshav Zekeinim, citing his uncle: The verse below (18:9) teaches that Bikurim is the Kohen's money; he may be Mekadesh a woman with it. 1

4.

Moshav Zekeinim #3: Our verse teaches primarily about Terumah. Refer to 5:9:3:1,2,4.


1

Moshav Zekeinim: I disagree. We know this already, for it is called Terumah (Yevamos 73a)!

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