hebrew
1)

What is the meaning of "Sikim be'Eineichem"?

1.

Rashi and Rashbam: It means 'sharp pegs in your eyes'.

2.

Ramban: 'Sharp thorns 1 in your eyes', 2 metaphorically speaking. 3

3.

Rashbam: 'Sharp thorns that stab you in the eyes'. 4

4.

Targum Onkelos: It means 'armed brigades'.

5.

Targum Yonasan: 'They will look at you with an Ayin ha'Ra'.


1

Ramban: As in Yeshayah, 5:5 and in Hoshe'a, 2:8.

2

Ramban: Causing you to emulate their abominations and to worship idols like them, as the Torah specifically writes in Shemos 23:33.

3

Ramban: To blind you into not seeing and understanding (the truth) - like "Ki ha'Shochad Ye'aver Pikchim' - in Shemos 23:8, and "Lifnei Iver Lo Siten Michshol" - Vayikra 19:14.

4

Rashbam: As in Hoshe'a, 2:8. See Yehoshua, 23:13.

2)

And what is the meaning of "Tzeninim be'Tzideichem"?

1.

Rashi #1: It means 'a wall of thorns'. 1

2.

Rashi #2 (in Mishlei) and Targum Onkelos: 'Surrounded by armies' 2 or 'brigands and robbers'.

3.

Ramban and Rashbam #1 (citing Menachem ben S'ruk): 'Sharp thorns 3 in your sides'.

4.

Rashbam #2: It means 'to cool you down'. 4

5.

Targum Yonasan: 'They will surround you with shields'. 5


1

Rashi: 'That surrounds you and prevents you from going in or out'.

2

Rashi (in Yehoshua, 23:13): 'Like a Tzoneh' - a three-sided shield.

3

Ramban: As in Iyov, 5:5 and Mishlei, 22:5.

4

Rashbam: As in Iyov, 5:5 - See Rashbam's interpretation of the Pasuk

5

See also Ba'al ha'Turim and Na'ar Yonasan.

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