hebrew
1)

What is the meaning of the first half of the Pasuk?

1.

Rashi: Water will flow from their wells 1 - A king will arise from their ranks who will rule over many nations. 2

2.

Targum Yonasan: Their kings and their redeemers will come from their own ranks, and their children, the sons of Ya'akov will rule over many nations.

3.

Refer to 24:6:5:1.

4.

Da'as Zekenim, Hadar Zekenim (1): Water will drip from the place they draw from, i.e. legions will increase greatly from his seed. Legions are compared to water


1

Rashi (in Yeshayah., 48:1): From the wells of Yehudah.

2

Rashi: He will succeed - like a seed that is planted in water. See also Ba'al ha'Turim, who comments that one only anoints a king by a river.

2)

To whom does "Malko" refer?

1.

Rashi: It refers to Shaul ha'Melech - their first king, who will capture Agag, king of Amalek.

3)

How could Bil'am name the king of Amalek before he was born?

1.

Rashi (in Melachim 1, 13:2) and Ramban (citing Rashi): Indeed, Bil'am is pre-naming Agag before he was born. 1

2.

Ramban, Rashbam, Da'as Zekenim and Hadar Zekenim (1): All kings of Amalek were called Agag. 2


1

Rashi (Ibid.): Just as we find by Koresh, king of Persia - in Yeshayah (45:1), by Yoshiyahu, king of Yehudah - in Melachim 1, 13:2, by Yitzchak and Yishmael - in Bereishis 17:19, 16:11, respectively and by Shlomo ha'Melech - in Divrei ha'Yamim 1, 22:9. See Ramban, as to why he opts for his second explanation.

2

Rashbam: Just as all the kings of Egypt were called Pharaoh; all the kings of P'lishtim, Avimelech and all the kings of Yerushalayim, Malki Tzedek.

4)

What is the meaning of "ve'Sinasei Malchuso"?

1.

Rashi and Ramban,: It means that they will go from strength to strength, because David and Shlomo will follow.

2.

Targum Yonasan: 'He (Shaul) will rise over Agag their king'. 1

3.

Refer to 24:6:5:1.


1

Targum Yonasan: [However,] because (Shaul) had mercy on Agag, his kingdom was taken away from him.

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