hebrew
1)

What was Bil'am referring to when he praised "Ohalecha" and "Mishkenosecha"?

1.

Rashi #1: "Ohalecha" refers to their tents


1

Refer to 24:2:2:1.

2

Rashi: 'Mishkan' is a Lashon of Mashkon'

2)

What is "Mishkenosecha" referring to?

1.

Rashi #1 (citing Targum Onkelos): 'And their encampments'.

2.

Rashi #2: With reference to the Batei-Mikdash, after they are destroyed, when they are taken away from them as a security, 1 to atone for their sins. 2

3.

Ramban (on Pasuk 7): Refer to 24:5:1:3.

4.

Seforno: It refers to the Batei Keneisiyos and the Batei-Mikdash 3 in which Hashem rests His Name and where He answers the Tefilos of those who pray there. 4

5.

Targum Yonasan: 'Surrounded by the residences of Yisrael'.


1

Since "Mishkan" has connotations of 'Mashkon' - a security.

2

Rashi: as the Pasuk indicates in Eichah, 4:11.

3

See also Ba'al ha'Turim.

4

Seforno: Which are good, not only for those who frequent them, but for the entire nation.

3)

It says (Sanhedrin 105b) that all his Brachos returned to be curses, except for "Mah Tovu Ohalecha." Why was that different?

1.

Kli Yakar (Devarim 23:6): Everything that Bil'am wanted to curse (e.g. their kingdom not last - refer to 24:5:1:6*), he saw them in Yisrael's astrology. Hashem changes the Ma'arachah (the arrangement of the stars) to help Yisrael only if there is no other way. E.g. the star 'Ra'ah' was destined to come against them, indicating blood; Hashem switched it to Dam Milah. All his intended curses, there was no way to fulfill the 'decree' without harming Yisrael, so Hashem needed to suppress the Ma'arachah. When Yisrael sinned, and had no merit against the Ma'arachah, they returned to be curses. However, not to have Batei Kenesiyos could be fulfilled; "Mishkenosecha"

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