hebrew
1)

Why does the Torah write "va'Yikar" in connection with Bil'am, and "va'Yikra" in connection with Moshe?

1.

Rashi and Ramban: Refer to Vayikra, 1:1:5:1. 1 (When Hashem appeared to Bil'am, his hair stood on end, a trembling seized him, he was gripped with terror, his whole demeanor changed and he fell on his face to the ground - Ramban).

2.

Refer to Vayikra, 1:1:5:2.


1

The Ramban adds that it says "va'Yavo Elokim el Bil'am" (22:2), and similarly for others who were not prophets - such as Avimelech - in Bereishis 20:3, and Lavan - in Bereishis 31:24 - See Ramban.

2)

Why, on this occasion, did Hashem appear to Bil'am by day?

1.

Rashi and Ramban: In honor of Yisrael.

3)

Why did Bil'am refer to "Shiv'as ha'Mizbechos" with a 'Hey'?

1.

Rashi: He was referring to the seven Mizb'chos that the Avos built, 1 and was boasting that he built as many as all of them combined. 2


1

Rashi: Avraham, four, Yitzchak, one and Ya'akov, two. See Rashi for details.

2

Refer also to 23:1:1:1**.

4)

Why did he tell Hashem about the Mizb'chos that he had built?

1.

Ramban (on Pasuk 1): He did so in the form of a prayer, in the hope that Hashem would accept his sacrifices favorably and grant him his request - but He did not. 1


1

See Pasuk 5.

5)

Why did he see fit to conclude "Va'a'al Par va'Ayil ba'Mizbe'ach"?

1.

Rashi: He was boasting that, whereas Avraham brought only a ram on the Mizbe'ach, he brought a bull as well (on each one)!

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