What is the difference between "Lavi" and "Ari"?
Ramban: "Lavi" is a cub and "Ari" a lion.
Malbim: "Lavi" is a lioness and "Ari" a lion. 1
Targum Onkelos and Targum Yonasan seem ro translate both as a lion. 2
What was Bil'am referring to when he said "Lo Yishkav ad Yochal Teref ... "?
Rashi #1: And they do not go to sleep at night before 'having devoured and destroyed the demons that prey on them - by reciting Keri'as Sh'ma al ha'Mitah, before they deposit their souls with Hashem. Consequently, if an army comes to attack them, Hashem protects them; He fights on their behalf and they fall slain before Him. 1
Rashi #2 (citing Targum Onkelos) and Targum Yonasan: They will not settle in their land before killing the nations and inheriting their property (taking the spoil of the slain - Targum Yonasan). 2
In what way did Bil'am compare Yisrael to a Lavi and an Ari?
Rashi #1: When they rise each morning from their sleep, they arouse themselves like a lion 1 to grab Mitzvos, to don a Talis, to recite the Shema and to put on Tefilin.
Ramban: Yisrael arise first like a lion-cub, then like a lion.
Malbim: A lioness with cubs is quick to rise in her anger, whereas a lion is stronger.
Hadar Zekenim - you thought to lower Yisrael. They are invigorated like lions!
What was Bil'am referring to when he concluded "ve'Dam Chalalim Yishteh"?