hebrew
1)

What is the difference between "Lavi" and "Ari"?

1.

Ramban: "Lavi" is a cub and "Ari" a lion.

2.

Malbim: "Lavi" is a lioness and "Ari" a lion. 1

3.

Targum Onkelos and Targum Yonasan seem ro translate both as a lion. 2


1

See also 'The Living Torah'.

2

Then what is the difference between a Lavi and a Levi'ah?

2)

What was Bil'am referring to when he said "Lo Yishkav ad Yochal Teref ... "?

1.

Rashi #1: And they do not go to sleep at night before 'having devoured and destroyed the demons that prey on them - by reciting Keri'as Sh'ma al ha'Mitah, before they deposit their souls with Hashem. Consequently, if an army comes to attack them, Hashem protects them; He fights on their behalf and they fall slain before Him. 1

2.

Rashi #2 (citing Targum Onkelos) and Targum Yonasan: They will not settle in their land before killing the nations and inheriting their property (taking the spoil of the slain - Targum Yonasan). 2


1

Refer to 23:24:1:2.

2

Ramban: Beginning the conquest of Cana'an like a lion-cub and ending it like a lion.

3)

In what way did Bil'am compare Yisrael to a Lavi and an Ari?

1.

Rashi #1: When they rise each morning from their sleep, they arouse themselves like a lion 1 to grab Mitzvos, to don a Talis, to recite the Shema and to put on Tefilin.

2.

Ramban: Yisrael arise first like a lion-cub, then like a lion.

3.

Malbim: A lioness with cubs is quick to rise in her anger, whereas a lion is stronger.


1

Hadar Zekenim - you thought to lower Yisrael. They are invigorated like lions!

4)

What was Bil'am referring to when he concluded "ve'Dam Chalalim Yishteh"?

1.

Rashi #1: He was prophesying that Moshe would not die before slaying the five kings of Midyan, 1 and that he (Bil'am) would die together with them. 2

2.

Rashi #2 (citing Targum Onkelos): Refer to 23:24:2:2.


1

See also Ba'al ha'Turim.

2

Rashi: As the Pasuk testifies in Yehoshua, 13:22.

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