What did Bil'am mean when he said "Lo Hibit Aven be'Ya'akov"?
Rashi #1 (citing Targum Onkelos) and Targum Yonasan: He meant that he perceived no idolatry in the House of Ya'akov and no falsehood in Yisrael.
Rashi #2 and Rashbam: He meant that, even when they transgress His commands, Hashem does not take them to task, 1 to scrutinize what they have done.
Ramban #2: It means that he did not see lies in Ya'akov and falsehood in Yisrael. 4 Based on the previous two Pesukim, what Bil'am means is that all the B'rachos and promises that they were promised will materialize, 5 because there is no falsehood in the One who issued them - "because Hashem their G-d 6 is with them".
Rashbam: Hashem does not want to watch them - because He does not want to punish them - when they sin and to punish them. 7
Da'as Zekenim, Hadar Zekenim (20): It is proper that Hashem bless them, for He does not see sin in them; there are no problems with them.
Ramban: Deeds that anger Hashem.
Ramban: Which is why He is "with them".
Ramban: Both with reference to something that does not materialize, as in Chavakuk, 3:7 and in Tehilim, 10:7.
Ramban: Who does not lie and who does not relent.
What is the translation of "Amal"?
Rashi: "Amal" is another word for 'sin' (or vice
What did Bil'am mean when he said "Hashem Elokav Imo"?
Rashi: Even when they anger Him and rebel against Him, He does not relinquish them.
Ramban #1 (citing Ibn Ezra): Refer to 23:21:1:3**.
Ramban #2: Refer to 23:21:1:4*.
Targum Onkelos and Targum Yonasan: Hashem's command supports them.
What is the meaning of "u'Seru'as Melech bo"?
Rashi (citing Targum Onkelos) and Rashbam: 'And the friendship of the King is with them'. 1
Ramban: The blowing of the Shofar of a mighty King is with them - for He will never be vanquished.
Seforno: It refers to the Teru'ah that they blew on the Shofar whenever the Mishkan traveled in the desert. 2
Targum Onkelos: 'And the Shechinah of the King is with them'.
Targum Yonasan: And the blowing of the Shofar of Mashi'ach will be with them.