hebrew
1)

What did Bil'am mean when he said "Lo Hibit Aven be'Ya'akov"?

1.

Rashi #1 (citing Targum Onkelos) and Targum Yonasan: He meant that he perceived no idolatry in the House of Ya'akov and no falsehood in Yisrael.

2.

Rashi #2 and Rashbam: He meant that, even when they transgress His commands, Hashem does not take them to task, 1 to scrutinize what they have done.

3.

Ramban #1 (citing Ibn Ezra): 'Hashem did not perceive in Ya'akov sin and falsehood nor perversity or anger 2 in Yisrael. 3

4.

Ramban #2: It means that he did not see lies in Ya'akov and falsehood in Yisrael. 4 Based on the previous two Pesukim, what Bil'am means is that all the B'rachos and promises that they were promised will materialize, 5 because there is no falsehood in the One who issued them - "because Hashem their G-d 6 is with them".

5.

Rashbam: Hashem does not want to watch them - because He does not want to punish them - when they sin and to punish them. 7

6.

Da'as Zekenim, Hadar Zekenim (20): It is proper that Hashem bless them, for He does not see sin in them; there are no problems with them.


1

Rashbam: As the Pasuk states in Iyov, 11:11.

2

Ramban: Deeds that anger Hashem.

3

Ramban: Which is why He is "with them".

4

Ramban: Both with reference to something that does not materialize, as in Chavakuk, 3:7 and in Tehilim, 10:7.

5

Ramban: As in Yeshayah, 20:5, 6 and 22:11.

6

Ramban: Who does not lie and who does not relent.

7

Rashbam: As in Iyov, 11:11.

2)

What is the translation of "Amal"?

1.

Rashi: "Amal" is another word for 'sin' (or vice

3)

What did Bil'am mean when he said "Hashem Elokav Imo"?

1.

Rashi: Even when they anger Him and rebel against Him, He does not relinquish them.

2.

Ramban #1 (citing Ibn Ezra): Refer to 23:21:1:3**.

3.

Ramban #2: Refer to 23:21:1:4*.

4.

Targum Onkelos and Targum Yonasan: Hashem's command supports them.

4)

What is the meaning of "u'Seru'as Melech bo"?

1.

Rashi (citing Targum Onkelos) and Rashbam: 'And the friendship of the King is with them'. 1

2.

Ramban: The blowing of the Shofar of a mighty King is with them - for He will never be vanquished.

3.

Seforno: It refers to the Teru'ah that they blew on the Shofar whenever the Mishkan traveled in the desert. 2

4.

Targum Onkelos: 'And the Shechinah of the King is with them'.

5.

Targum Yonasan: And the blowing of the Shofar of Mashi'ach will be with them.


1

Rashi: As in Shmuel 2, 15:37 and in Shoftim, 15:6 (and in Mishlei, 18:24 - Rashbam). Hadar Zekenim (20)

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