hebrew
1)

What is the meaning of the word "Keidmah"?

1.

Rashi: It means 'on the east side' as Degel Machaneh Yehudah was the first to travel. 1


1

Rashi: Which is synonymous with 'in front' or 'first'; and the west is therefore called "Achor" ('at the back' or 'last'). Rosh

2)

Why did specifically Yisachar and Zevulun join Yehudah to form Degel Machaneh Yehudah?

1.

Ramban (on Pasuk 2): Together with the three tribes of Degel Machaneh Reuven - Reuven, Shimon and Gad, they comprised the sons of Le'ah - including Gad, 1 the firstborn of her maidservant Zilpah.


1

To replace Levi, who did not encamp in sync with the other tribes (Refer to Bereishis, 12:1:1:1*).

3)

Why did the three tribes that comprised Degel Machaneh Yehudah (Yehudah, Yisachar and Zevulun) encamp specifically in the east?

1.

Ramban (citing Midrash Rabah) 1 : Hashem said to Moshe: 'Yehudah, the designated sovereign, 2 shall encamp in the east, from where light comes to the world; next to him, is Yisachar, the master of Torah, 3 and then Zevulun, the master of wealth. 4 They will travel first!' 5

2.

Hadar Zekenim: Yehudah is king. It honors the Mishkan that the king is in the east.


1

Refer also to 2:2:4:1.

2

Which is called 'light' (See R. Chavel's footnotes).

3

See R. Chavel's footnotes.

4

See Bereishis 49:13 and Devarim 33:19. See also R. Chavel's footnotes, who explains that Torah and wealth are also called 'light.'

5

As the Pasuk writes in Michah, 2:13 "Vaya'avor Malkam Lifneihem, va'Hashem b'Rosham".

4)

Why does it say "veha'Chonim" only about Degel Yehudah?

1.

Alshich: This is lest Yehudah be haughty about being first, or the others be shamed. "Veha'Chonim" implies that they are in addition to others. 1


1

We find like this regarding Chanukas ha'Mizbe'ach of the Nesi'im. Refer to 7:12:1:1. (PF)

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