Why does the Torah juxtapose the Parshah of the Matnos Kehunah to the episode of Korach?
Rashi (in Zevachim, 44b): In keeping with the popular mantra - 'My cow broke itss foot to my advantage!'
What are the implications of the word "va'Ani"?
Seforno: It implies that, if you will safeguard the charge of the Kodesh as I commanded you, then I, for My part will give you nthe gifts of the Kehunah ... '.
What are the connotations of the word "Hinei"?
Rashi: It can be compared to a king who gave his friend a field, and, when someone claimed that the field was his, the king said to the friend 'Let people say what they want; I am going to write a document of sale, sign it and have the court authenticate it. Here too, since Korach came and laid claim to the Kehunah, the Pasuk gave Aharon twenty-four gifts of Kehunah (See Sifsei Chachamim) with a covenant of salt. See also Ba'al ha'Turim.
Rashi: As in Sh'mos, 4:14 "Hinei hu Yotzei Likrasecha ve'Ra'acha ve'Samach be'Libo" (See Sifsei Chachamim). See also Oznayim laa'Torah DH 'va'Ani Hinei Nasati ... ', who elaborates.
What are the implications of "Mishmeres Terumosai"?
Rashi #1: It implies an obligation to guard the Terumah be'Taharah (It is forbidden to cause Terumah to become Tamei - Rashi in Sotah, 35b, or to spoil or destroy it - Rashi in Sukah, 35a). 1
Yerushalmi Chalah, 3:2: Although the Pasuk implies that one is permitted to render Tevel Tamei, we learn from ""u'Nesatem mimenu es T'rumas Hashem le'Aharon ha'Kohen" (in Pasuk 28) that one should make sure to give Aharon Terumah that is fit for a Kohen to eat. 2
Why does the Torah write "Mishmeres Terumosai" (plural):
Da'as Zekenim: Because it incorporates Chalah - which is also called Terumah.
Targum Yonasan: Because it incorporates Chalah and Bikurim. 1
Yevamos 74a: Because it incorporates Tamei Terumah. 2
B'choros 34a: Because it incorporates Taluy (Safek Tamei) Terumah - which must also be guarded from becoming Tamei.
Yerushalmi Bikurim, 2:1: Because it incorporates Bikurim. 3
See Na'ar Yonasan.
See Torah Temimah, note 17. Shabbos: And we learn from the word "L'cha" that one may benefit from it by burning it as fuel under one's pot (Refer also to 18:8:4:5). See also Torah Temimah, note 16. The Gemara also learns from the comparison of Terumah Teme'ah to Terumah Tehorah that, like Terumah Tehorah, one may not burn it until it has been separated. See Torah Temimah and note 18.
Both of which are the property of the Kohen, and both of which are forbidden to a Zar, who is subject to Misah bi'Yedei Shamayim - if he eats them be'Meizid and to adding a fifth if he eats them beorah Temimah, citing Yerushalmi (Ibid.) and note 22.
What is the meaning of the word "le'Moshchah"?
Rashbam: It is a sign of royalty, like princes who have been anointed to rule.
Zevachim 91a: It implies 'for greatness, the way kings eat their food - roasted well-cooked, cooked and with Chulin spices.
Chulin, 132b: It implies 'for greatness, roasted - the way kings eat their food. 2
Yerushalmi Bikurim, 2:1: With reference to both Terumah and Bikurim, 3 it means that a. they are the property of the Kohen to do with as he pleases, 4 and b. for greatness, 5 to anoint himself 6 or to use as fuel for illuminating (if it is Tamei). 7
See Torah Temimah, note 33, citing Tosfos, who reconciles this answer with the previous one and elaborates.
See Torah Tmimah, citing the Yedrushalmi (Ibid).
See previous answers.
Because 'anoointing is considered like drinking.