1)

What sin is the Torah referring to?

1.

Rashi: It is referring to the sin of not taking T'rumos and Ma'aseros from one's crops.

2.

Targum Yonasan: It referring to eating Terumah and T'rumas Ma'aser, be'Tum'ah.

3.

Yevamos, 89b: It is referring to the sin of separating from bad on to good - which must be effective; otherwise why would it be considered a sin?

2)

What is "Lo Sechalelu ve'Lo Samusu" referring to?

1.

Rashi: It is referring to taking T'rumos and Ma'asros from one's crops.

2.

Rashbam: It is referring to desecrating Terumah and T'rumas Ma'aser by eating them be'Tum'ah.

3.

Bechoros, 26b: It is referring to Kohanim and Levi'im who assist the owners in the granary and in the abatoir, and who accept T'rumos and Ma'asros in exchange. 1

4.

Yerushalmi T'rumos, 1:5: It is referring to people who eat from Ma'aser which the owner gave the Levi whilst still in its stalks - before the Levi has separated T'rumas Ma'aser. 2


1

See Torah Temimah, citing Bechoros, Ibid. and note 129, where he elaborates.

2

See Torah Temimah, note 130, who elaborates.

3)

What are the implications of "ve'Lo Sis'u alav Chet ... " and "Lo Sechalelu ve'Lo Samusu"?

1.

Rashi: It implies that someone wo fails to separate the Matnos Kehunah will bear a sin', and 'someone who desecrates the Kodshim will die!' 1


1

Because from a 'No', we can extrapolate a 'Yes'. and vice-versa (See Sifsei Chachamim).

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