1)

What exactly is the Torah saying here?

1.

Rashi: The Torah is teaching us here that the T'rumas Ma'aser that the Levi gives to the Kohen is forbidden to Zarim and to Teme'im like Terumah Gedolah, and that if a Zar eats it be'Meizid, he is subject to Misah (bi'Yedei Shamayim); be'Shogeg, he pays an extra fifth. 1

2.

Rashbam: It teaches us that if a Zar eats T'rumas Ma'aser, he transgresses the La'av of "ve'Chol Zar Lo Yochal Kodesh". 2

3.

Seforno: The Torah is saying that even though T'rumas Ma'aser has been measured, 3 it will bestow a B'rachah on the rest of the Ma'aser that remains Chulin in the hands of the Levi. 4

4.

Oznayim la'Torah: According to Rashi on Pasuk 24 - that until the Levi separates T'rumas Ma'aser from the Ma'aser, it is called Terumah - The Torah is teachjing us that, before T'rmuas Ma'aser has been separated, the Ma'aser is considered Tevel and is forbidden like corn in the granary and wine in the wine-press.


1

Rashi: Like Terumah Gedolah, which is called 'Reishis Dagan min ha'Goren'. From the granary, because T'rumos and Ma'aseros of grain are taken only after the flattening of the pile, which follows the winnowing (Rashi in Bava Metzi'a, 90a).

2

Rashbam: That is written by Terumah Gedolah in Vayikra 23:10.

3

Seforno: Whatever has been measured, counted or weighed is generally not subject to B'rachah (See Ta'anis, 8b).

4

Just as Terumah Gedolah bestows a B'rachah upon the Chulin that remains in the hands of the Yisrael.

2)

What are the connotations of "ve'Nechshav lachem T'rumaschem"?

1.

Yerushalmi T'rumos, 1:1: It implies that the Terumah of a Katan, who does not have Machshavah, 1 is invalid.

2.

Yerushalmi T'rumos, 3:3: It teaches us that, just as Machshavah is generally specific, 2 so too, must taking Terumah verbally - mentioned in the previous Pasuk - be specific, and that, if the owner merely declares that the Terumah should take effect somewhere in the pile, his declaration is invalid.

3.

Yerushalmi T'rumos, 1:4: It implies that one may declare Terumah Gedolah 3 with Machshavah alone, and that consequently, it must be dedlared by assessment and not via measuring, weighing or counting


1

The Yerusjhalmi actually says 'the one by whom Machshavah is written'. See Torah Temimah, note 97.

2

See Torah Temimah, note 98 & 102.

3

Refer to 18:27:4:2 and note 2.

3)

What are the implications of "ka'Dagan min ha'Goren"?

1.

Yerushalmi T'tumos, 1:5: It implies that the Levi must take Terumas Ma'aser 1 from corn that is 'Nigm'rah Melachto' (that has been threshed and removed from the stalks) and not from what is Nigm'rah Melachto on what is not Nigm'rah Melachto ot vice versa.

2.

Yerushalmi T'tumos, 2:5: It implies that, just as one cannot have a granary that is partially Tamei and partially Tahor, 2 so too, may one not separate Terumah from Tahor crops on to Tamei ones.


1

See Torah Temimah, note 104.

2

See Torah Temimah, note 105.

4)

What is "Mele'ah min ha'Yekev"?

1.

Rashi and Targum Yonasan: It is the Terumah of wine 1 which is taken from the wine-press. 2 .


1

Rashi: "Mele'ah" means 'after it is ripe' - fully grown.

2

Rashi: The "Yekev" is the container into which the wine flows after it has been pressed.

5)

In which regard is the Torah comparing T'rumas Ma'aser to Terumah Gedolah?

1.

Rashi: Refer to 18:27:1:1 & 18:28:1:1.

2.

Gitin, 30b: To teach us a. that just as Terumah Gedolah 1 is taken by assessment, 2 via thought alone, so too T'rumas Ma'aser, and b. that just as the Yisrael separates Terumah Gedolah, so too, is he permitted to separate T'rumas Ma'aser.


1

See Torah Temimah, note 100.

2

Refer to 18:27:1.1:3.

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