1)

Why does the Torah need to inform us that "va'Yotzei Perach, va'Yatzeitz Tzitz va'Yigmol Shekeidim"?

1.

Rashi: 'To teach us that the staffs had produced flowers, sprouted buds and almonds had ripened' 1 - all overnight. 2

2.

Rashbam and Moshav Zekenim: To teach us that, when Moshe withdrew the staffs, they had already produced flowers, and then, before the eyes of the people, they sprouted buds and ripened into almonds. 3

3.

Oznayim la'Torah: When Moshe withderew the staffs from the Ohel Mo'ed, the staffs had grown flowers, buds and almonds - all on the same staff - an incredible miracle for all of Yisrael to see. 4


1

Rashi: An expression of completion, as in Bereishis 21:8) and in Yeshayah, 18:5.

2

See also Ba'al ha'Turim.

3

See Rashbam. It seems to me that the Neginos support this explanation.

4

This explanation follows Chazal in a number of places in Shas. See Oznayim la'Torah.

2)

What is the significance of the fact that the staffs grew specifically almonds?

1.

Rashi: It was to warn the people that, just as almonds are the fastest fruit to grow, so too, will the punishment of whoever starts up with the Kehunah follow swiftly. 1


1

Rashi: As happened to King Uziyah, in Divrei Hayamim 2, 26:19, in whose forehead there appeared Tzara'as when he came to the gold Mizbe'ach to offer the Ketores.

3)

The Pasuk implies that the people saw that it produced flowers, sprouted buds and almonds had ripened. If the almonds were finished, they did not see how they developed [from flowers and buds]! And why does the Gemara say in Horiyos 12a that it was hidden, with its almonds and flowers? The flowers already became almonds?

1.

Da'as Zekenim: It produced flowers on one side, which remained. On the other side it produced flowers, which fell like normally, and it budded and produced almonds. 1

2.

Moshav Zekenim: Why did Horiyos 12a not mention the buds? Since they saw fruits, surely there were buds; presumably, there was not a miracle to grow fruits not from buds. It produced flowers like other trees.

3.

Moshav Zekenim, citing R. Eliezer of Garmaiza: Aharon's staff produced new flowers in front of them.

4.

Oznayim la'Torah: Refer to 17:23:1:3.


1

Moshav Zekenim citing R. Aharon: It produced flowers on one side, buds on one side and almonds on one side. (This implies that it had three sides. Perhaps a small branch came out of it. Alternatively, the text should say like Da'as Zekenim

4)

Why did the Torah say both "Parach" and "va'Yotzei Perach"?

1.

Moshav Zekenim (citing R. Eliezer of Garmaiza): People were thinking, perhaps Moshe took a staff that already blossomed, and wrote Aharon's name on it, and Aharon's staff was dry and still there. Hashem did a miracle, and Aharon's staff produced new flowers in front of them.

5)

The Pasuk implies that Aharon's staff produced flowers, buds and almonds now. But Avos (d'R. Nasan 41, and Pesachim 54a) explain that it was created Bein ha'Shemashos at the end of Creation, with its almonds and flowers!

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