hebrew
1)

Why did Moshe instruct Aharon to stop the plague by means of the Ketores?

1.

Rashi (on Pasuk 13): To demonstrate that the Ketores can stop plagues too, because it is not the Ketores that causes plagues but sins. 1

2.

Rashbam: To demonstrate that the same Ketores that kills those who are not Kohanim, gives life when it is in the hands of Kohanim


1

Rashi: To counter the people's claims that the Ketores is poison

2)

How did Moshe know that the Ketores stops plagues?

1.

Rashi: When Moshe ascended Har Sinai, the Mal'ach ha'Maves taught him the secret that the Ketores stops plagues. 1


1

See Shabbos, 89b

3)

What is the significance of the term "Ketzef" that the Torah uses here?

1.

Rashi (in Bamidbar, 1:53): Refer to 1:53:2:1*.

2.

Targum Yonasan: Ketzef is the name of one of the five destructive angels that were sent when Yisrael worshipped the Golden Calf. 1


1

Targum Yonasan (in Devarim 9:19): Af, Cheimah, Ketzef, Mashchis and Charon (See also R. Bachye here).

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