hebrew
1)

Why did Moshe instruct Aharon to stop the plague by means of the Ketores?

1.

Rashi #1: When Moshe ascended Har Sinai, the Mal'ach ha'Maves taught him the secret that the Ketores stops plagues. 1

2.

Rashi #2 (on Pasuk 13): To counter the people's claims that the Ketores is poison, for it killed Nadav, Avihu and the two hundred and fifty men. He demonstrated that the Ketores actually stops plagues, and that it is not the Ketores that kills but the sins! 2

3.

Rashbam: To demonstrate that the same Ketores that kills those who are not Kohanim, gives life when it is in the hands of Kohanim - a proof that the Kohanim are the chosen tribe to perform the Avodah.


1

See Shabbos, 89b.

2

Michtav me'Eliyahu (5, p. 417): Ketores hints to the heart of Yisrael; they are united in the flame of Hashem. It is poison for one who is not clean and offers and thinks that he is clean. This is great haughtiness!

2)

What is the significance of the term "Ketzef" that the Torah uses here?

1.

Rashi (1:53): Refer to 1:53:2:1*.

2.

Targum Yonasan: 'Ketzef' is the name of one of the five destructive angels that were sent when Yisrael worshipped the Golden Calf. 1


1

Targum Yonasan (in Devarim 9:19): Af, Cheimah, Ketzef, Mashchis and Charon - See also Peirush Yonasan, and R. Bachye who elaborates.

3)

What is the significance of the term "Ketzef" that the Torah uses here?

1.

Rashi (in Bamidbar, 1:53): Refer to 1:53:2:1*.

2.

Targum Yonasan: Ketzef is the name of one of the five destructive angels that were sent when Yisrael worshipped the Golden Calf. 1


1

Targum Yonasan (in Devarim 9:19): Af, Cheimah, Ketzef, Mashchis and Charon (See also R. Bachye here).

4)

Moshe told Aharon to rush, to stop the plague as soon as possible. Why did he need to say "Ki Yatza ha'Ketzef

1.

Rosh (Vayikra 8:2): When Moshe told him to take Ketores, Aharon said 'my sons died for bringing human fire inside. Will I take Hekdesh outside?!' Once he heard that people were dying while they were speaking, he ran to burn the Ketores; he was prepared to [possibly] die for Yisrael.

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