hebrew
1)

Why did Moshe choose specifically the Ketores with which to make the test?

1.

Rashi: 'The nations of the world', he told them, 'have many religions and many priests, who all 1 gather in one house. We have only one G-d, one Aron, one Torah one Mizbe'ach and one Kohen Gadol - and you, 250 men all want the Kehunah Gedolah! I want it too! So here's the most precious service of all - the Ketores 2 , which is more treasured than all the Korbanos, and which contains poison, 3 the poison that killed Nadav and Avihu. This was Moshe's warning to desist from going ahead with the test. He hoped that that they would do Teshuvah and relent. 4

2.

Ramban #1 (on Pasuk 5): It was his own idea.

3.

Ramban #2 (Ibid.), citing the Ibn Ezra): Refer to 16:4:1:2.

4.

Ramban #3 (Ibid.) : It came through Ru'ach ha'Kodesh) 5 .

5.

Moshav Zekenim (7) #1: It was an excuse to delay until tomorrow (refer to 16:5:2:1), for it is offered only [half] in the morning and [half in the] afternoon, and presumably, one may begin only in the morning.

6.

Moshav Zekenim (7) #2: Primarily, the Kohen Gadol offers it, even though a Drashah is Machshir even a Kohen Hedyot. 6


1

Others have the text 'who do not all gather ... '.

2

Moshav Zekenim (Vayikra 12:8, citing a Midrash): Ketores is dearest, for it is not for sin. Olah is for sinful thoughts, Shelamim is for (Bitul) Mitzvas Aseh

2)

What are the implications of "Vehayah ha'Ish asher Yivchar bo Hu ha'Kadosh", which otherwise seems obvious?

1.

Rashi: He was warning them that the chosen person was already Kadosh, that he was the one who would come out alive and all the others would die!

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