hebrew
1)

Why did Moshe use the title "Elokei ha'Ruchos"?

1.

Rashi: Assuming (mistakenly) that Hashem was about to destroy all of Yisrael, Moshe pointed out that following a rebellion, human kings cannot distinguish between those who sinned and those who didn't, punish them all, but Hashem, who knows the thoughts of man, certainly can . 1


1

So why does He want to kill the whole nation? Refer to 16:22:2:1.

2)

What did Moshe set out to achieve with his Tefilah?

1.

Rashi and Ramban #1 (citing R. Chananel): He prayed that Hashem should change His mind and punish only Korach, Dasan and Aviram. 1

2.

Ramban #2 and Targum Yonasan: He set out to remove the punishment from the people 2 and to place it fairly and squarely on the shoulders of Korach and his henchmen, 3 who were directly responsible for the rebellion, as is the way of those who plead for mercy on behalf of the masses. 4


1

Rashi: To which Hashem replied that that that is precisely what He had intended to do in the first place. Refer to 16:22:1:1.

2

Ramban: Who did not sin in deed like Korach did. Refer to 16:21:2:2.

3

Targum Yonasan (on Pasuk 24): To which Hashem replied

3)

Why did Moshe say "Elokei ha'Ruchos" in the plural?

1.

Targum Yonasan: 'The G-d who placed a Ru'ach Neshamah in the body of Yisrael and a Ru'ach in the bodies of all mankind. 1


1

See Na'ar Yonasan.

4)

Why did Moshe and Aharon fall on their faces this time?

1.

Targum Yonasan: In Tefilah. 1


1

As opposed to Pasuk 4

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