hebrew
1)

Why was Moshe angry?

1.

Rashi (in the original text, cited in Moshav Zekenim citing the Tanchuma): It does not mean angry; it means that he was deeply pained - because he had no answer to their accusation that he did not keep his word about bringing them to Eretz Yisrael. 1

2.

Ramban #1 (on Pasuk 16): Moshe's anger burned - (as Targum Onkelos and Targum Yonasan explain) - because Dasan and Aviram said "Lo Na'aleh". 2

3.

Ramban #2: Refer to 16:29:1:1**.

4.

Rashi (in the original manuscript) and Hadar Zekenim (on Pasuk 6) both citing the Tanchuma): When one disputes with another, if he answers him, he is pleased. If the other is silent (he refuses to respond), he is pained.


1

Even though he did answer their other accusation - that he dominated them.

2

Refer to 16:17:2:1.

2)

Which Minchah was Moshe referring to?

1.

Rashi #1: He was referring to the Ketores that they would bring the following day. 1

2.

Rashi #2: He was referring to the individual portion that each person has in the Korban Tamid. 2

3.

Ramban (citing Targum Onkelos): Seeing as they wanted the Kehunah and to sacrifice the Korbanos, Moshe davened that Hashem should decline to accept any Korban that they might bring on the Mizbe'ach 3 and any Tefilah that they might offer.

4.

Seforno: He prayed that Hashem should not accept any Korban 4 that they may bring as an atonement. 5


1

See Ramban's objection to this explanation.

2

Rashi: He Davened that the fire on the Mizbe'ach should not burn it. See Ramban's objection to this explanation.

3

Ramban: Refer to 16:15:2:4*.

4

Seforno: "Minchah" in this context is synonymous with 'Korban', as we find on Shmuel 1, 26:19.

5

Seforno: Because he (Moshe) did not forgive them, and, as we learned in Yoma, 85b, 'Even Yom Kipur will not atone for a sin that one transgresses against one's friend, unless the friend forgives the sinner'. See also Yirmiyah, 18:20, 23.

3)

What was Moshe referring to when he said "Lo Chamor Echad meihem Nasasi"?

1.

Rashi (citing Targum Onkelos) 1 : He was referring to compensation for transportation - that when he traveled from Midyan to Egypt to take Yisrael out, leading his wife and sons on a donkey, he was entitled to claim the donkey from the people, but in fact, used his own donkey.

2.

Seforno: He meant that he never benefited from any of them, even with regard to borrowing a donkey from one of them. 2

3.

Ramban (citing Targum Onkelos) Rashbam and Targum Yonasan 3 : He meant that he never acted highhandedly, in the way that other rulers do, 4 by demanding from them even one donkey. 5


1

According to Rashi's interpretation of the word "Shecharis" in Targum Onkelos.

2

Seforno: Something that people commonly do - and this was a sure proof that whatever he did as a leader was for the people's sake and that their claims stemmed from a lack of Hakaras ha'Tov (gratitude).

3

According to the Ramban's interpretation of the word "Shecharis" in Targum Onkelos.

4

Ramban: As described in Shmuel 1, 8:15.

5

Rashbam: So why do they accuse him of dominating them?

4)

What did Moshe mean when he concluded "ve'Lo Hare'osi es Achad meihem"?

1.

Seforno: He meant that they could not even accuse him of sentencing any of them in Beis-Din, since that never happened. 1


1

It is not clear whether the Seforno means that he never sentenced them unjustly or whether he always ended the case with a compromise.

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