hebrew
1)

Why does the Pasuk refer to Avodah-Zarah as "D'var Hashem"?

1.

Rashi and Targum Yonasan: Because the warning against Avodah-Zarah they heard directly from Hashem, 1 as opposed to the other Mitzvos, which they heard from Moshe.


1

See Sifsei Chachamim.

2)

What does "ve'Es Mitzvaso Heifar" come to include?

1.

Rashi: It comes to include someone who worships Avodah-Zarah. 1

2.

Targum Yonasan: It comes to include someone who did not do the B'ris Milah.


1

See Sifsei Chachamim DH 'D'var Hashem'.

3)

What are the implications of "Hikareis Tikareis"?

1.

Targum Yonasan: It means that he is Chayav Kareis in both this world and the next. 1

2.

Seforno (by implication): The Torah speaks in the vernacular. 2


2

See Ba'al ha'Turim.

4)

And what are the implications of "Avonah bah"?

1.

Rashi and Ramban (citing Shevu'os, 13a): It implies that he is only Chayav Kareis if he did not do Teshuvah. 1

2.

Ramban #2: It means simply that 'He will receive his punishment'. 2

3.

Ramban #3 (citing Pirkei Derech Eretz): It means that he will die, together with his sin - that he will continue to suffer after death. 3

4.

Seforno: His sin remains with him until he dies. 4


1

This implies that the Pasuk is speaking about Kareis in the world to come (Refer to 15:31:3:1).

2

Ramban: Like "Avono Yisa", in (Vayikra 20:27) and "Chet'am Yisa'u" (Ibid. 20:20).

3

As in Yeshayah, 66:24. Refer also to 15:31:3:1.

4

Refer to 15:30:3:1.

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