hebrew
1)

Why did Hashem incorporate Aharon in the Dibur?

1.

Ramban: Because, following the report of the spies, Aharon fell on his face together with Moshe. 1


1

Ramban: Nevertheless, Hashem continued to speak to Moshe alone - in Pasuk 28, since he was the more prominent of the two when it came to prophecy.

2)

Which 'Eidah' is Hashem referring to here?

1.

Rashi and Seforno: He is referring to the congregation 1 of the spies - who caused Yisrael to grumble against Hashem. 2


1

Rashi: And the Torah is teaching us here that ten people is called an Eidah.

2

Seforno: Even though Hashem had forgiven Yisrael as stated in Pasuk 20 (that they would not die immediately and all simultaneously) He did not forgive the spies themselves.

3)

What does the latter half of the Pasuk then mean?

1.

Seforno: Hashem is saying that, despite the fact that it was the Meraglim who caused the people to complain, He heard their complaints, and was ready to implement them.

4)

And why did Hashem not forgive the spies?

1.

Seforno: Because they were guilty of sinning and causing others to sin, as the Torah explains "asher Heimah Malinim alai".

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