hebrew
1)

And what does "Im Yir'u es ha'Aretz" mean?

1.

Rashi and Seforno: It means 'They will not see the land'. 1

2.

Ramban: What Hashem meant was "Chai Ani, Veyimalei Ch'vod Hashem es Kol ha'Aretz - Because, If all these men who tested Me will see the land" - That will not happen!'. 2


1

Seforno: Like all cases of "Im" which are not followed by a double condition - such as Bereishis 14:23 and Shmuel 1, 19:10.

2

Ramban: In other words, the Shevu'ah is only mentioned by implication, similar to "Chai Ani, Im Atem Tavo'u el ha'Aretz" mentioned later in 28-30.

2)

To whom does "ve'Chol Mena'atzai Lo Yir'uhah" refer?

1.

Ramban #1 (citing Ibn Ezra) and Seforno: It refers to the children of the current generation who are under twenty, and who will not see the land either in the event that they sin. 1

2.

Ramban #2 and Targum Yonasan: It is a general statement which refers to anyone or any generation that angers Hashem.

3.

Ramban #3 (citing Ta'anis, 29b): It refers to the generations that went into exile. 2


1

Seforno: As occurred to the followers of Korach, those who sinned by Pe'or and those who were bitten by the snakes.

2

Ramban: With reference to the Bechiyah le'Doros mentioned above (Refer to 14:1:2:1**).

3)

What are the implications of "Salachti ki'Devarechah" (in Pasuk 20), in light of this Pasuk "Im Yir'u es ha'Aretz"?

1.

Ramban #1 (on Pasuk 17, citing Ibn Ezra): It implies that Hashem did not really forgive Yisrael as long as they had not done Teshuvah, and that "Salachti" 1 is synonymous with "Arichas Apayim. 2

2.

Ramban #2 (on Pasuk 17): It nevertheless implies forgiveness - because Hashem had withdrawn His original decree to kill the whole of Yisrael together with their children and to make Moshe into a great nation in their place. 3


1

Ibid. As well as Moshe's request "S'lach Na".

2

Refer to 14:20:1:2.

3

Ramban: On that point the Selichah was complete, and the decree that they would die in the desert was a separate issue.

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