hebrew
1)

What is the meaning of "Ve'amru el Yoshev ha'Aretz ha'Zos"?

1.

Rashi and Rashbam: It means that the Egyptians will say about the Cana'anim. 1

2.

Ramban, Targum Onkelos and Targum Yonasan: It means that they will (joyfully


1

Refer to 14:14

2)

What are all the items listed in this Pasuk referring to 1. "Asher Ayin be'Ayin Nir'eh ... "; 2. "Va'anancha Omeid aleihem"; 3. "U've'Amud Anan ... ", and 4. "U've'Amud Eish ... "?

1.

Seforno: 1. Hashem's Hasdhgachah K'lalis over Yisrael was discernable.

2.

Rashi (in Bava Metzi'a, 15b) and Seforno: "Va'anancha Omeid aleihem"


1

Seforno: As the Torah writes in Shemos 40:38.

3)

What do Pesukim 14-16 add to the previous Pasuk?

1.

Rashi (citing Tanchuma) Rashbam, Seforno and Targum Yonasan: When the Egyptians will see the extent of Hashem's Hashgachah Ke'lalis (communal Providence) over K'lal Yisrael, 1 and how He then suddenly killed the entire nation in the desert, they will attribute it to the might of the local inhabitants, which rendered them more than a match for Hashem, Kevayachol. 2

2.

Ramban: When the Egyptians will see the extent of Hashem's Hashgachah Ke'lalis (communal Providence) over K'lal Yisrael, 3 and how He then suddenly killed the entire nation in the desert, they will attribute it to the fact that, although Hashem was able to overpower the Egyptian gods, He was unable to defeat the gods of the Cana'anim.


1

Rashbam: How He led them lovingly with a Pillar of Cloud and a Pillar of Fire.

2

Rashi: Because Par'oh was not comparable to the thirty-one kings of Cana'an. The Ramban objects to this explanation however, bearing in mind that Hashem killes the Egyptian firstborn and drowned their entire army in one fell-swoop

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