hebrew
1)

Who were the "Nefilim"?

1.

Rashi: The Nefilim were giants, descendents of Shamchaza'i and Aza'el, who fell from heaven in the days of Enosh. 1

2)

Why did the Spies repeat "Min ha'Nefilim"?

1.

Ramban, Rashbam and Targum Yonasan: To inform the people that they were from the original Nefilim mentioned in Bereishis 6:4 (who were synonymous with the three sons of Anak 1 and who were renowned for their awesomeness 2 ).


1

Refer to 13:22:3:2 & 13:22:4:2.

2

Ramban: To frighten the people even more.

3)

Why did the Cana'anim compare them to grasshoppers?

1.

Rashbam: Because a tiny person appears in the eyes of someone who is very tall like a grasshopper (which is the epitome of a very small species). 1


1

Rashbam: See Yeshayah, 40:22. See also Ba'al ha'Turim.

4)

How did the Spies know how they appeared in the eyes of the Cana'anim.

1.

Rashi: Because they heard them say to one another 'We saw ants 1 - some have the text locusts - in the vineyards that resemble men!'


1

See Ba'al ha'Turim. The commentaries also explain the Pasuk to mean that when a person belittles himself then that is how others see him.

5)

Seeing as they were the Nefilim, why did the Spies mention the "b'nei Anak"?

1.

Rashi: The Nefilim were so tall that it seemed as if the sun was a necklace round their necks. 1

2.

Ramban: Refer to 13:33:2:1.

3.

Seforno: They descended from Anak on their father's side and from the Nefilim on their mother's side.


1

Because 'Anak' also means a necklace.

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