hebrew
1)

What did the Spies mean when they said "Lo Nuchal La'alkos el ha'Am"?

1.

Ramban: They meant that it would be impossible to attack them even if they were to come and fight them in the field, how much more so to fight them in their fortified cities.

2)

What are the connotations of "Ki Chazak Hu Mimenu"?

1.

Rashi: They were actually claiming that the Cana'anim were stronger than Hashem (Kevayachol)! 1

2.

Ramban: In answer to Moshe and Calev's previous statements, 2 they now stated what they really had in mind. 3

3.

Targum Onkelos and Targum Yonasan: They were simply stating that the Cana'anim were stronger than them (and it was therefore impossible to defeat them).


1

See Sifsei Chachamim. See also Ba'al ha'Turim.

2

Refer to 13:30:4:2*.

3

Ramban: Because until now, they had spoken in hints.

3)

What does "Betzuros" mean?

1.

Rashi #1: It means 'strong'. 1

2.

Rashi #2 (citing Targum Onkelos): It means 'round'. 2


1

See Rashi on Pasuk 18.

2

Rashi: Because 'Karich' in Arama'ic means 'round' - Perhaps it was customary wall round cities round (See also Seifer he'Aruch on the word 'K'rach').

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