hebrew
1)

To whom does Vayesapru Lo" refer?

1.

Or ha'Chayim: It refers to Moshe. 1


1

See Or ha'Chayim.

2)

What does Eretz Zavas Chalav u'Devash" mean?

1.

Rashi (13:5): It means that milk flowed freely from the goats and honey from the dates and the figs.

2.

Seforno: The Spies conceded that the land was not only a good land, but that it gave its produce without effort - including grazing-ground for the cattle and juicy fruits fit for a king. But ... . 1


1

Refer to 13:18:1:1

3)

Since their intentions were to give a bad report of the land, why did they begin with "ve'Gam Zavas Chalav u'Devash hi"?

1.

Rashi #1: Because a lie that does not begin with a little truth will not be accepted. 1

2.

Rashi (on Pasuk 23): What they meant to say was 'Just as its fruit is different (exceptionally large), so too are its inhabitants.

3.

Ramban: This was a reply to what Moshe had said to them "ha'Shemeinah hi Im Razah?", and "ve'Zeh Piryah", to what he said "ha'Yesh bah Eitz Im Ayin?" 2

4.

Seforno: Refer to13:27:1:2.


1

Perhaps thy added the word "ve'Gam" to hint that it was only secondary to what they really wanted to say.

2

Ramban: As were the other answers they gave- in reply to "he'Chazak hu ha'Rafeh?" and "ha'be'Machanim Im be'Mivtzarim?"

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