hebrew
1)

What does "Shatu ha'Am ... " mean?

1.

Rashi, Rashbam and Targum Onkelos: It means that the people picked up the Manna as they strolled around.

2.

Targum Yonasan, Moshav Zekenim: It means that the Resha'im had to go out and search for the Manna. 1


1

Implying that the Tzadikim found it outside their tents (See Na'ar Yonasan).

2)

Does the verse mean that the people had to grind it, pound it and cook it before eating it (See Sifsei Chachamim)?

1.

Rashi: What the Pasuk means is that one only had to wish the Manna to taste like something that has been ground, pounded or cooked for it to adopt that taste.

2.

Targum Yonasan: After collecting the Manna, the Resha'im would grind it in a mill. Whoever wanted to however, could pound it in a mortar and cook it in a pot and make it into cakes.

3.

Moshav Zekenim: Tzadikim ate it cold; Resha'im would grind it, pound it and cook it. This is why a man went to collect wood on Shabbos, in order to cook.

3)

What is the meaning of "Leshad ha'Shamen"?

1.

Rashi #1 (citing Dunash and Targum Onkelos 1 ): An oil cake (that was kneaded with oil). 2

2.

Rashi #2. Raboseinu said a breast of oil. I do not understand, for these have no connection.

3.

Rashi #3: It is the acronym of 'Layish' (a fresh cake); 'Shemen' (kneaded with oil); 'D'vash' (and prepared with honey).


1

See Sifsei Chachamim.

2

Rashi and Rashbam: As in Tehilim, 32:4.

4)

Why does the Torah refer here to the Manna as 'cake', and in Shemos (16:12, 15) as 'bread'?

1.

Gemara Yoma, 75a: For the Tzadikim and the Beinonim, it arrived in the form of cake; for the Resha'im, as bread. 1


1

This answer does not go according to Targum Yonasan (Refer to 11:8:1:2).

5)

Why does the Torah describe the Manna as 'an oil-cake', and in Shemos (16:30), as 'a honey-cake'?

1.

Rashbam, Moshav Zekenim: Initially it tasted like a honey-cake, but once they ground it, its taste changed to one kneaded with oil. 1


1

Rashbam: In the same way as the taste of olives and nuts changes when they have ground into oil.

6)

Leshad ha'Shamen is delicious! What kind of complaint is this?

1.

Rashi, Targum Onkelos and Targum Yonasan: Refer to 11:7:2:1.

2.

Ramban (on Pasuk 6) and Rashbam (on Pasuk 7): In answer to their complaint of dryness (Refer to 11:6:1:2, 11:7:2:2), Hashem pointed out that, since it tasted like a cake kneaded with honey, it caused the body to become moist.

3.

Hadar Zekenim: Only after much toil, i.e. grinding or pounding, "v'Hayah", then it tasted good. Moshav Zekenim

7)

Rashi writes that it tasted like something that has been ground, pounded or cooked, but they did not do so. It says "Asher Tofu Afu

1.

Moshav Zekenim: Its taste would change only through speech. Therefore, it is considered Tikun. 1 Annulling vows for the sake of Shabbos was a question (Nedarim 77a). There it is permitted, but this is more Tikun.


1

Teshuvas Rav C. Kanievsky 2334: Why is this worse than cooking in the sun, which is permitted? That is a Shinuy, which is permitted. Intent is not a Shinuy.

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