hebrew
1)

What does "Shatu ha'Am ... " mean?

1.

Rashi, Rashbam and Targum Onkelos: It means that the people picked up the Manna as they strolled around.

2.

Targum Yonasan: It mean the Resha'im had to go out and search for the Manna. 1


1

Implying that the Tzadikim found it outside their tents (See Na'ar Yonasan).

2)

Does this mean that the people had to grind it, pound it and cook it before eating it (See Sifsei Chachamim)?

1.

Rashi: What the Pasuk means is that one only had to wish the Manna to taste like something that has been ground, pounded or cooked for it to adopt that taste.

2.

Targum Yonasan: After collecting the Manna, the Resha'im would grind it in a mill. Whoever wanted to however, could pound it in a mortar and cook it in a pot and make it into cakes.

3)

What is the meaning of "L'shad ha'Shamen"?

1.

Rashi #1 (citing Dunash and Targum Onkelos 1 ), Rashbam: An oil cake (that was kneaded with oil). 2

2.

Rashi #2 (citing his Rebbe'im): It means a breast that contains oil. 3

3.

Rashi #3: It is the acronym of 'Layish' (a fresh cake); 'Shemen' (kneaded with oil; 'D'vash' (and prepared with honey).


1

See Sifsei Chachamim.

2

Rashi and Rashbam: As in Tehilim, 32:4.

3

See Rashi's objection to this explanation.

4)

Why does the Torah refer here to the Manna as 'cake', and in Shemos (16:12 & 15) as 'bread'?

1.

Gemara Yoma, 75a: For the Tzadikim and the Beinonim, it arrived in the form of cake; for the Resha'im, as bread. 1


1

This answer does not go according to Targum Yonasan (Refer to 11:8:1:2).

5)

Why does the Torah describe the Manna as 'an oil-cake', and in Shemos (16:30), as 'a honey-cake'?

1.

Rashbam: Initially it tasted like a honey-cake, but once they ground it, its taste changed to one kneaded with oil. 1


1

Rashbam: In the same way as the taste of olives and nuts changes when they have ground made into oil.

6)

How does this Pasuk counter Yisrael's complaints?

1.

Rashi, Targum Onkelos and Targum Yonasan: Refer to 11:7:2:1.

2.

Ramban (on Pasuk 6) and Rashbam (on Pasuk 7): In answer to their complaint of dryness (Refer to 11:6:1:2 & 11:7:2:2), Hashem pointed out that, since it tasted like a cake kneaded with honey, it caused the body to become moist.

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