hebrew
1)

Who were Eldad and Meidad?

1.

Targum Yonasan: They were the sons of Elitzafan ben Parnach, 1 to whom Yocheved, Moshe' mother, bore them, after Amram divorced her in Egypt, following the decree to kill all the newborn baby boys, 2 and he married her. 3


2

Refer to Sh'mos 2:1:1:1.

3

See also Da'as Zekeinim mi'Ba'alei Tosfos.

2)

Why did they remain in the camp and not go with the other elders to the Ohel Mo'ed?

1.

Rashi and Rashbam (citing Sanhedrin, 17a) and Targum Yonasan: They were originally chosen to become elders, but they remained in the camp, because they considered themselves unworthy of becoming communal leaders. 1


1

Targum Yonasan: They were running away from leadership (Refer to 11:26:4:1**).

3)

What did they prophecy?

1.

Rashi (on Pasuk 28): They prophesied that Moshe would die and that Yehoshua, would take Yisrael into Eretz Yisrael.

2.

Targum Yonasan: Eldad prophesied that Moshe would die and that Yehoshua, would take Yisrael into Eretz Yisrael and inherit them the land, Meidad, about the quails and their consequences, 1 and both of them, about Gog and Magog and about Techi'as ha'Meisim. 2


1

See Targum Yonasan.

2

See Targum Yonasan.

4)

Why were there two elders too many

1.

Rashi: Moshe initially chose seventy-two elders, six from each tribe, even though he required only seventy elders, 1 and he knew that no tribe would willingly forego one candidate.


1

Rashi: He therefore took seventy-two piece of paper, on seventy of which he wrote 'Zakein', and two of which he left blank, and after placing them in a box, he intended to ask each elder to withdraw one piece of paper ...

5)

And what are the implications of "va'Tanach Aleihem ha'Ru'ach"?

1.

Targum Onkelos and Targum Yonasan: It implies that, unlike the other seventy elders, 1 they merited a direct spirit of prophecy. 2


1

Refer to 11:25:1:3.

2

Due to their humility (Refer to 11:26:2:1*)

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