hebrew
1)

What is the definition of Me'ilah?

1.

Rashi: Me'ilah is - using something that is Kodesh for Chol. 1

2.

Rashbam: Targum Onkelos and Targum Yonasan: "A person who deals falsely ... ". 2

3.

Seforno (in Naso, 5:12): It means to desecrate something that is holy.


1

Even if one does not benefit from it (See Sifsei Chachamim). Rashi: The basic translation of 'Lim'ol' is 'to change'.

2

In spite of the fact that he sinned b'Shogeg.

2)

Where is the Azharah (warning) against benefiting from Hekdesh?

1.

Rashi: It is learnt with a Gezeirah-Shavah "Chet" "Chet" from Terumah 1 .


1

See Sifsei Chachamim.

3)

Why does the Torah use the double expression "Tim'al Ma'al"?

1.

Rashi: To incorporate things that are not food in the prohibition. 1


1

See Sifsei Chachamim.

4)

What are the implications of "mi'Kodshei Hashem"?

1.

Rashi: This implies that Me'ilah is confined to Kodshei Kodshim, but does not apply to Kodshim Kalim. 1


1

See also Sifsei Chachamim.

5)

Why is an 'Ayil' called by that name?

1.

Rashi: Because it is in its second year - when it is strong. 1


1

See Rashi in Bereishis 31:38 and Sifsei Chachamim there.

6)

What does "be'Erk'cha Kesef Shekalim" mean?

1.

Rashi: It means that the ram should be worth two Shekalim. 1

2.

Targum Yonasan: It means that the value of the ram should be equivalent to the assessed benefit that one derived from the Hekdesh. 2


1

Based on the principle 'Miy'ut Rabim Shenayim' - the plural implies at least two.

2

See Na'ar Yonasan.

7)

Why are some Korbanos called 'Chatas' and some 'Asham'?

1.

Ramban, Moshav Zekenim (6): 'Asham' is an expression of deep guilt, - worthy of being Shamam (desolate) 1 , whereas 'Chatas' is an expression of deviating from the path. 2

2.

Ramban #2 (according to Kabalah): Chata'os, which are female animals, are called 'Chatas', 3 whereas Ashamos, which are males, are called 'Asham'. 4


1

Ramban, Moshav Zekenim: See for example Tehilim 5:11, Bereishis 42:21 and Hoshe'a, 14:1.

2

As in Shoftim, 20:16 "v'Lo Yachti" (they did not miss the target [Ramban]).

3

See Rav Chavel's footnotes.

4

In spite of the fact that some Chata'os comprise bulls and he-goats (Ramban).

8)

Why are six Korbanos called Ashamos, insinuating that they atone for bigger sins than those for which a Chatas atones?

1.

Ramban: Because the Asham Gezeilos, 1 Asham Shifchah Charufah 2 and Asham Nazir 3 are even Chayav be'Meizid; the Asham Me'ilos, because it involves Kodshei Hashem and the Asham Metzora, 4 because a Metzora is considered dead, and whose status is therefore one of desolation. 5 Whereas as far as the Asham Taluy 6 is concerned, since it comes on a Safek and the sinner does not take it seriously, the Torah is strict with him, to the point that the minimum cost of an Asham Taluy is far more than that of a Chatas Vadai. 7


1

See later, Pasuk 21-26.

2

See 19:20-22.

4

See 14:12.

5

See Ramban DH 've'Inyan ha'Metzora'.

6

See below, 5:17-19.

7

As we will see shortly.

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