hebrew
1)

Why is the Korban Shelamim called by that name?

1.

Rashi #1: Because it brings Shalom (peace) to the world.

2.

Rashi #2 and Rashbam #1: Because they are shared among the Mizbe'ach, the Kohanim and the owner. 1

3.

Rashbam #2: It is an expression of Tashlumin (payment or fulfillment), seeing as the owner is obligated to fulfill his Neder.

4.

Da'as Zekenim (7:11): It brings Shalom between Yisrael and their Father in Heaven. Similarly, "Zove'ach Todah Yechabdaneni" (Tehilim 50:23) has two Nun's


1

The Emurim, the Chazeh ve'Shok (the chest and the right calf) and the remainder of the animal, respectively (Rashbam).

2)

Why is an Olah always a male animal, a Shelamim, a male or a female, a [commoner's] Chatas, a female and an Asham, a male?

1.

Ramban 1 : The Olah, as its name suggests, goes up to Heaven. 2 The Shelamim- from the expression "v'Chol Cheftzi Yashlim" 3 (Yeshayah, 44:28) and "Avanim Sheleimos" 4 (Devarim 27:6). The Chatas, which (is obligatory, and which) comes to atone for a sin (for which b'Mezid, one is Chayav Kares), is a female animal, 5 whereas ... The Asham (which atones for lesser sins), creates a 'pleasant smell' (like the Olah) and is therefore a male.

2.

Moshav Zekenim (4:28, citing R. Eliezer of Garmaiza): The person was weak like a female and unable to overpower his Yetzer ha'Ra, therefore his Korban is a female. 6


1

The Ramban's explanation is according to Kabalah, so I have basically translated it without fully comprehending it, with comments taken partially from Rav Chavel's footnotes. (EC)

2

To a higher plain higher than the Chatas (to one which is above the Midos).

3

Because the Shelamim comes to make peace in the world, to come to terms with the Midas ha'Din (which is feminine).

4

Since it is a total Nedavah - as opposed to the Olah, which is albeit a Nedavah, but which atones for immoral thoughts and for a Lav ha'Nitak la'Asei.

5

With the exception of the Chatas of the Nasi (the king [See Ramban])

6

Chatas is only for Shogeg. It came due to carelessness! Perhaps his Yetzer overpowered him, and therefore he was not careful. (PF)

Chumash: Perek: Pasuk:
Month: Day: Year:
Month: Day: Year:

KIH Logo
D.A.F. Home Page
Sponsorships & Donations Readers' Feedback Mailing Lists Talmud Archives Ask the Kollel Dafyomi Weblinks Dafyomi Calendar Other Yomi calendars