hebrew
1)

What does the Torah mean when it writes about a firstborn animal "Lo Yakdish"?

1.

Rashi: It means that one is not permitted to take a Bechor and declare it another Korban (an Olah or a Shelamim), since it is not his 1 (to declare Hekdesh).

2.

Ramban, Moshav Zekenim: The Torah means (not that one may not, but) that one need not declare it Hekdesh. 2


1

Rashbam: Since it is already Hekdesh.

2

Ramban: Since, if it is a calf or a Seh, it automatically belongs to Hashem.

2)

Here it says "Lo Yakdish", but in Devarim (15:19) it says "Kol ha'Bechor ... Takdish la'Hashem Elokecha"!

1.

Rashi #1 (Devarim 15:19): Although a Bechor is automatically Kadosh, it is nevertheless a Mitzvah for the owner to declare it Hekdesh 1 .

2.

Rashi #2 (Devarim 15:19): Although one cannot sanctify the actual Bechor as another Korban, one can however, declare Hekdesh his Tovas Hana'ah 2 , and he must give this amount to Hekdesh.

3.

Ramban: What the Pasuk in Devarim means is that one should treat it as Hekdesh, not to work with it or to shear it, and to eat it in Yerushalayim.


1

This can perhaps be compared to the Mitzvah to add fire to the Mizbe'ach, even though fire comes down from Heaven.

2

Rashi (Bechoros 53b): This is the amount that another Yisrael would pay him on condition that he give it to [a Kohen that the latter chooses, e.g] his grandson.

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