hebrew
1)

Why does the Torah follow the Berachos of abundance with "Shalom"?

1.

Rashi: Because without Shalom those Berachos are worth nothing. 1 Therefore the Torah concludes with Shalom, which is equivalent to all the Berachos, like it says 'Oseh Shalom u'Vorei Es ha'Kol'. 2


1

Because whatever one has, the enemy will take for themselves (See Ikar Sifsei Chachamim).

2

See Sifsei Chachamim and refer to 26:6:151:1.

2)

What are the connotations of "V'Nasati Shalom ba'Aretz"?

1.

Moshav Zekenim: When there is saturation, there is Shalom.

2.

Rashi (Michah, 4:4): This Pasuk refers to the statement there "And they will dwell, each man under his vine and under is fig-tree, and nobody will make them afraid".

3.

Ramban #1, Moshav Zekenim #1: It means that Yisrael will live peacefully and not quarrel with one another.

4.

Ramban #2, Moshav Zekenim #2: With reference to the continuation of the Pasuk, wild animals will cease from the land; you will pursue your enemies, and they will flee from you..

5.

Ramban #3 (according to Kabalah): It refers to the Bris Shalom that Hashem entered into with Yisrael. 1


1

Refer to 26:15:3:3*.

3)

What does "v'Hishbati Chayah Ra'ah min ha'Aretz"?

1.

Ramban (citing R. Yehudah in the Toras Kohanim): It means that Hashem will remove them completely. 1

2.

Ramban #2 (citing R. Shimon in the Toras Kohanim) and Targum Yonasan: It means that Hashem will withdraw from them the mandate to harm people. 2


1

Ramban: Because, since life is throbbing and the towns are full of people, the wild beasts will avoid them.

2

Ramban: See Yeshayah, 11:7, 8. Because, when Yisrael will perform the Mitzvos, the world will revert to how it was before Adam sinned, as the Gemara states in Berachos, 33a 'It is not the wild mule that kills; It is the sin that kills!' See Ramban who elaborates. See also Ba'al ha'Turim.

4)

Why does the Torah write "v'Cherev Lo Sa'avor b'Arzt'chem" and not "Lo Savo b'Arzt'chem"?

1.

Rashi: Not only will no enemy attack you, but no armies will even pass through your land on their way to fight their enemies. 1


1

Ramban: On the contrary, you will pursue your enemies and they will flee, as the Pasuk continues.

QUESTIONS ON RASHI

5)

Rashi writes that Shalom is equal to all the Berachos, like it says 'Oseh Shalom u'Vorei Es ha'Kol.' The verse says "Yotzer Or u'Vorei Choshech Oseh Shalom u'Vorei Ra" (Yeshayah, 45:7)!

1.

Riva: Ra is Midas ha'Din; through it, evil comes to the world. Shalom removes it. The verse means that Hashem makes Shalom, because He created Ra; it is needed to remove the Ra, therefore it is is equal to all [Berachos].

2.

Moshav Zekenim: Chachamim enacted Birkas Yotzer Or, and changed from the verse to write 'u'Vorei Es ha'Kol.' They understood that 'u'Vorei Es ha'Kol corresponds to Shalom.

3.

Bartenura: Since Chachamim fixed this in the Tefilah, it is considered like a verse. In many places, the Gemara cites sayings of Sefer Ben Sira as if they were verses.

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