hebrew
1)

Which Bris does "Bris Rishonim" refer to?

1.

Rashi: It refers to the Bris that Hashem made with the tribes when He took them out of Egypt. 1

2.

Rashbam and Targum Yonasan: It refers to the Bris that Hashem entered into with the Avos. 2


1

And not to the Bris that He made with the Avos.

2

Rashbam: for the sake of whom Hashem took Yisrael out of Egypt.

2)

To which era is this Pasuk referring to?

1.

Ramban: It is referring to the era of Galus that the Torah has been discussing, both in Eretz Yisrael and in Chutz la'Aretz, as well as to all future generations.

2.

Seforno: It is referring to the ingathering of the exiles (from Bavel).

3)

What are the connotations of "le'Einei ha'Goyim"?

1.

Ramban: Refer to 26:45:2:1. When Yisrael are in Galus, Hashem remembers the covenant and saves them from the hands of our oppressors, so that His Name should not be desecrated among the nations, 1 and not for the sake of Yisrael, as long as they have not done Teshuvah and their sins have not been atoned for.


1

Ramban (citing Toras Kohanim): "I did not despise them" - in the days of Vespasian; "I did not reject them" - in the days of Greeks; "To destroy them, to annul My covenant with them" - in the days of Haman; "For I am Hashem their G-d" - in the days of Gog and Magog.

4)

What are the implications of the phrase "asher Hotzeisi Eschem ... Lih'yos lachem l'Elokim"?

1.

Seforno: Hashem took us out of Egypt with the intention of being our G-d, and if this did not yet happen, it is because Yisrael 'messed up'.

5)

Why does it add the words "Ani Hashem"?

1.

Seforno: To teach us that, if Hashem does not fulfill His promise it is not He who has changed, but we. 1


1

Seforno: And that consequently, He will fulfill it when the damage has been rectified, in the days of Mashi'ach and in Olam ha'Ba.

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