hebrew
1)

Why does the Torah insert here "Ani Hashem Elokeichem ... "?

1.

Rashi: Since Hashem took us out of Egypt and performed with us great miracles, we can have faith in Him and believe that He is capable of fulfilling all the Berachos listed above.

2)

What are "Motos"?

1.

Rashi and Rashbam: "Motos" are the staves that are stuck into the two ends of the yoke, 1 preventing the straps from slipping off the ox' head.


1

Rashi and Rashbam: As in Yirmiyah, 27:2.

3)

What is the meaning of "Komamiyus"?

1.

Rashi (from Toras Kohanim): It means upright stature. 1

2.

Targum Onkelos: It means 'to freedom'. 2


1

Rashbam: When the yoke is removed from the ox, it raises its head.

2

See also Ba'al ha'Turim.

4)

When did all the above Berachos materialize?

1.

Ramban: To date, they have never entirely taken place - since Yisrael have not merited it. 1 However, they are destined to materialize in the days of Mashi'ach. 2


1

Ramban: Even David ha'Melech, as the Gemara explains in Mo'ed Katan, 16b.

2

Refer also to 26:12:1:1. Ramban: The Toras Kohanim actually applies some of the Pesukim to the era of Mashi'ach See for example, 2:2, 3:3.

5)

Why does the Torah not include the Olam ha'Neshamos (after death) and Olam ha'Ba (after Techiyas ha'Meisim) in the Berachos?

1.

Ramban: Seeing as the Torah in (18:29) finds it necessary to sentence some sinners to Kares (excision from the world to Come), it is self-understood that the Neshamos of those people who do not sin will automatically go to Olam ha'Ba - It is not therefore necessary to mention it. 1


1

Ramban: This is because Hashem breathed the Neshamah into man was placed directly (as the Torah writes in Bereishis, 2:7), and is not therefore subject to destruction or to disintegration - since it is not formed from parts, as physical beings are. Consequently, the Torah needs to teach us that, on account of man's sins, it is rejected and cut-off, but not that it continues to exist in Olam ha'Ba. (See Ramban DH 'v'Ta'am ha'Inyan', who elaborates).

QUESTIONS ON RASHI

6)

Rashi writes that Komamiyus" is upright stature. He expounded this above from v'Hirbeisi Eschem (verse 9)!

1.

Revid ha'Zahav (Geresh Karmel): It is repeated, to add Komah onto Komah, until the Shi'ur of Adam ha'Rishon. Hashem needed to decrease Adam's height when he expelled him from Gan Eden. You will be there, so you can have his full height!

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