1)

Why does the Torah mention Avodah-Zarah and other Mitzvos here?

1.

Rashi (citing the Sifra): It is to warn the Eved Ivri not to declare 'Since my master commits adultery, serves idols and does not observe Shabbos, I will do likewise!' 1

2.

Seforno: It is a warning to an Eved Ivri, against thinking that, since he is subservient to Nochrim, he is no longer under the jurisdiction of Hashem, and is free to do as he wishes. 2

3.

Moshav Zekenim #1: It warns someone who sells himself to a Nochri to stipulate with him 'I will not serve idolatry or work on Shabbos. I must fear the Mikdash and go there three times a year', and all the Mitzvos.

4.

Moshav Zekenim #2: Hashem is warning the Eved Ivri that he is Hashem's Eved, he should not honor any other god.


1

Refer to 26:2:2:2*. Refer to 26:1:1:2*.

2

Seforno: This is a warning not to make the mistake that many made at the time of the Galus, when they said to Yirmiyah 'If a master sold his slave and a man divorced his wife, what claim does he have on them?'

2)

What is the significance of all the Parshiyos listed in B'har up to here?

1.

Rashi: After teaching the Dinim of Shemitah, the Torah warns that someone who covets money and is suspect on Shemitah will eventually have to sell his moveable items, then his fields and then his house; and, if he does not do Teshuvah, he will be forced to borrow on interest and to sell himself, first to a Yisrael and finally to a Nochri. 1


1

Refer also to 25:14:6:1.

3)

What is the difference between "Lo Sa'asu" and "Lo Sakimu"?

1.

Yerushalmi Avodah Zarah, 4:4: "Lo Sakimu" implies that if the image is about to fall, one should not prop it up.

4)

What is the definition of "Even Maskis"?

1.

Rashi: A stone-slab which covers the floor. 1

2.

Rashbam and Targum Yonasan: A stone-slab with images and pictures 2 engraved on it. 3


1

Rashi: As in Ki Sisa, Shemos, 33:23. Refer also to Bamidbar, 33:52:2:1.

2

Rashbam: To look at them - as in Tehilim, 73:7. See also Rashi, Lech-l'cha, Bereishis 11:29. Targum Yonasan: One may however, install such stone-slabs in the Beis-Hamikdash though one is not permitted to prostrate oneself on them.

3

Da'as Zekenim and Hadar Zekenim: Because it looks as if one is prostrating oneself to the images..

5)

What is the exact meaning of "Lehishtachavos?

1.

Rashi: It means to prostrate oneself on the ground, hands and feet outstretched.. 1


1

See Sifsei Chachamim.

6)

What exactly, is the Torah coming to teach us?

1.

Rashi: It is coming to prohibit prostrating oneself on a stone slab 1 anywhere in the land, 2 and to permit doing so in the Beis-Hamikdash. 3

2.

Rashbam and Targum Yonasan: It is coming to prohibit placing stone slabs with pictutes engraved on them anywhere else, and to permit doing so in the Beis-Hamikdash, 4 though not in order to prostrate oneself on them.


1

See Torah Temimah. note 4.

2

And how much more so in Chutz la'Aretz

QUESTIONS ON RASHI

7)

Rashi writes that one who is suspected about Shemitah will eventually have to sell his Metaltelim

1.

Moshav Zekenim 1 : Since there is a 'Vav' connecting the Parshiyos ("ve'Im Timkeru"), it is considered a Hekesh. We find that R. Yehudah expounds the Semichus "ve'Im Al Todah" (Kidushin 53a).

8)

Rashi writes that one who is suspected on Shemitah will eventually have to sell his Metaltelim

1.

Rashi did not say which aspect of Shevi'is he is suspected of. Perhaps it is business with Peiros Shemitah! (PF)

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