hebrew
1)

Why does the Torah mention Avodah-Zarah and other Mitzvos here?

1.

Rashi (citing the Toras Kohanim): It is to warn the Eved Ivri not to declare 'Since my master commits adultery, serves idols and does not observe Shabbos, I will do likewise!' 1

2.

Seforno: It is a warning, even when one is subservient to Nochrim against thinking that, since they are no longer under the jurisdiction of Hashem, they are free to do as they wish. 2

3.

Moshav Zekenim #1: It warns one who sells himself to a Nochri to stipulate with him 'I will not serve idolatry or work on Shabbos. I must fear the Mikdash and go there three times a year', and all the Mitzvos.

4.

Moshav Zekenim #2: Since you are My slaves, do not honor other gods.


1

Refer to 26:2:2:2*. Seforno: This is a warning not to make the mistake that many made at the time of the Galus, when they said to Yirmiyah 'If a master sold his slave and a man divorced his wife, what claim does he have on them?'

2

Seforno: A mistake that they made at the time of the Galus, when they said to Yirmiyah 'If a master sold his slave and a man divorced his wife, what claim does he have on them?'

2)

What is the significance of all the Parshiyos listed in B'har up to here?

1.

Rashi: After teaching the laws of Shemitah, the Torah warns that someone who covets money and is suspect on Shemitah will eventually have to sell his moveable items, then his fields and then his house; and, if he does not do Teshuvah, he will be forced to borrow on interest and to sell himself, first to a Yisrael and finally to a Nochri.

3)

What is an "Even Maskis"?

1.

Rashi: A stone-slab. 1

2.

Rashbam and Targum Yonasan: A stone-slab with images and pictures engraved on it. 2 Da'as Zekenim, Hadar Zekenim


1

Rashi: So-called because it covers the floor. Refer also to Bamidbar, 33:52:2:1.

2

Rashbam: To look at them - as in Tehilim, 73:7. See also Rashi, Bereishis 11:29. Targum Yonasan: One may however, install such stone-slabs in the Beis-Hamikdash though one may not prostrate oneself to them

4)

Why does the Torah insert the word "b'Artzechem"?

1.

Rashi: Because prostrating oneself 1 in the Beis-Hamikdash is permitted.


1

Refer to 26:1:5:1.

5)

What is the exact meaning of "Lehishtachavos?

1.

It means to prostrate oneself. 1


1

See Sifsei Chachamim. See also Rashi, Bamidbar 33:52.

QUESTIONS ON RASHI

6)

Rashi writes that one who is suspected about Shemitah will eventually have to sell his Metaltelim

1.

Moshav Zekenim: Since there is a Vav connecting the Parshiyos ("v'Im Timkeru"), this is expounded like a Hekesh. We find that R. Yehudah expounds the Semichus "v'Im Al Todah" (Kidushin 53a).

7)

Rashi writes that one who is suspected about Shemitah will eventually have to sell his Metaltelim

1.

Rashi did not say which Isur of Shevi'is he is suspected of. Perhaps it is business with Peros Shemitah! (PF)

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