hebrew
1)

What is this Pasuk coming to teach us that we cannot learn from the previous Pasuk (See Rashi there)?

1.

Rashi #1: It teaches us that the prohibition is confined to treating the crops as an owner, but does not extend to eating them. 1

2.

Rashi #2 (in Yoma, 86b and in Rosh Hashanah, 22a): It teaches us that one may eat Shemitah produce, but not waste it or commercialize it.


1

Provided one declares them Hefker. See Sifsei Chachamim.

2)

What are the implications of the words "Shabbas ha'Aretz"?

1.

Rashi: They imply that one may only eat from what is Hefker, 1 but not from what is guarded.

2.

Ramban, Moshav Zekenim: The repose of the land mentioned earlier 2 , or the produce of the Shabbos year, shall be for you all as livelihood, for you, your servants, your animals and Chayos of the land.


1

See Sifsei Chachamim.

2

Ramban: In Pasuk 4 - "Shabbas Shabason Yih'yeh la'Aretz".

3)

What are the implications of "le'Ochlah"?

1.

Rashi (in Yoma 86b): "le'Ochlah", 've'Lo le'Hefsed'; 1 (in Rosh Hashanah, 22a): "le'Ochlah", 've'Lo li'Sechorah'. 2


1

A prohibition against spoiling Sh'mitah-produce.

2

A prohibiton against selling Sh'mitah-produce.

4)

Why does the Torah say "Lecha ul'Avdecha

1.

Rashi: To teach us that the Heter to eat Shemitah produce extends to the wealthy (even one who has slaves). Since it says (Shemos 23:11) "v'Achlu Evyonei Amecha", we would have thought that only the poor are allowed to eat it 1


1

See Sifsei Chachamim. Riva: "v'Achlu Evyonei Amecha" teaches that the poor may eat after Bi'ur, but the wealthy may not.

5)

Who is meant by "Sechircha" and "Toshavcha"?

1.

Rashi: They refer to two kinds of hired workers who are Nochrim. 1


1

See Sifsei Chachamim.

6)

Rashi writes that also the wealthy may eat. One opinion (in Yerushalmi Shevi'is 9:8) forbids Ashirim after Bi'ur. How can he explain the verse?

1.

Moshav Zekenim citing Toras Kohanim: Some say that the verse discusses before Bi'ur, and the argument is about after Bi'ur.

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