1)

Why does the Torah insert "Ki Li B'nei Yisrael Avadim"?

1.

Rashi #1: To teach us that Hashem's document of sale (purchasing Yisrael as Avadim) preceded that of the Nochri.

2.

Rashi #2: Refer to Shemos, 21:6:5:1. 1

3.

Ramban and Moshav Zekenim (both on Pasuk 47): Even though the Nochri is not subject to the Dinim of Yovel, he does not have the authority to buy Hashem's servants as slaves.

4.

Targum Yonasan: Yisrael are Hashem's Avadim in that they are subservient to His Torah, and may not be enslaved by others. 2

5.

Refer to 25:55:2:3.

6.

Bava Kama, 116: To teach us that a hired worker can retract in the middle of the day 3 - since 'Yisrael are Hashem's servants and not the servants of servants'.


1

Refer to Torah Temimah here, note 278.

2

See Na'ar Yonasan.

3

See Torah Temimah, note 279.

2)

Why does the Torah insert "Ani Hashem Elokeichem"?

1.

Rashi: To teach us that whoever enslaves Yisrael on earth, it is as if he has enslaved them above. 1

2.

Seforno: Hashem is explaining why He will redeem Yisrael even if they lack Mitzvos. 2

3.

Da'as Zekenim:The Pasuk continues "Lo Sa'asu Lachem Elilim," as if to say - at least they fulfilled "Lo Yihyeh l'cha Elokim Acherim", which is why Hashem redeems them even though they do not fulfil the Mitzvos.


1

Maskil le'David: With reference to the root of their Neshamos.

2

Seforno: As the Torah repeats in Bechukosai, 26:44.

3)

We learn from "Ki Li Bnei Yisrael Avadim" that a worker can quit in the middle of the day (Bava Metzi'a 10a). Why do we need "v'Hefdah" to teach that one may redeem an Amah Ivriyah?

1.

Moshav Zekenim citing Ri: There, the Torah fixed six year of servitude. One might have thought that she cannot leave until they finish.

2.

Refer to Shemos 21:8:151:1-3, 21:8:152:1-4.

4)

Why does the Pasuk begin in the third person ("Ki Li B'nei Yisrael

1.

Moshav Zekenim: Most Pasukim that discuss Yetzi'as Egypt are like this, because there were some in Goshen,and some in Tzo'an, the capital with B'nei Efrayim and Menasheh. 1 Sometimes it discusses Yisrael, and sometimes the Erev Rav. "Ki Li Bnei Yisrael Avadim" discusses those in all Mitzrayimm) and "Ani Hashem Elokeichem" discusses those with Pharaoh in Tzo'an.


1

He assume that Yosef's descendants remained in the capital. I do not know his source. (PF)

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