1)

Having stated "Vechishav im Koneihu", why does the Torah see fit to add "Im Od Rabos ba'Shanim ... " (and "ve'Im Me'at Nish'ar ba'Shanim" in the following Pasuk)?

1.

Rashi: The Torah is simply clarifying its previous statement 1 - that the accurate assessment that one makes needs to be based on the remaining years until the Yovel.

2.

Seforno: To teach us that one deducts from the total the number of years that the Eved Ivri worked, 2 irrespective of the fact that if many years remain until the Yovel, he would have become more experienced and produced better work, and that, if few years remain, the work that he did was not on a par with the work that he would have performed had he remained until the Yovel.

3.

Moshav Zekenim (from Kidushin 20a,b): Our Pasuk discusses if his value increased (he was sold for 100, and his value rose to 200), the redemption is based on Kesef Miknaso (100 for all the years of his sale). The next Pasuk discusses if his value decreased (from 200 to 100). The redemption is "k'Fi Shanav" based on his current value (as if he were sold for 100). We are always lenient to minimize the redemption.


1

Refer to 25:50:1:1.

2

As we explained above. Refer to 25:50:2:1*.

2)

Why does the Torah insert the (otherwise superfluoos) word "Lefihen Yashiv Ge'ulaso"?

1.

Kidushin, 16a: To teach us the principle 'Shaveh Kesef ke'Kesef'- Things which can buy with money have the same Din as money itself, regarding redeeming an Eved Ivri. 1


1

See Torah Temimah, note 267,

3)

What is "Lefihen Yashiv Ge'ulaso mi'Kesef Miknaso" coming to teach us?

1.

Moshav Zekenim (citing Kidushin 20a & b): It teaches us that in the event that his value increased, the redemption is based on "Kesef Miknaso". We take into account what he was sold for, and deduct for the years that he served - ignoring his current value. 1

2.

Kidushin, 14b: "mi'Kesef Miknaso" teaches us, on the one hand that an Eved Ivri can be acquired with money, 2 and on the other, that he cannot be acquired with produce or vessels that are not worth a P'rutah 3


1

Refer to 25:51:151:2*.

2

And we learn thye same Din by a Mocher Atzmo who sells himself to a Yisrael via a Gezeirah Shavah "Sachir" "Sachir". See Gemara in Kidushin, 14b, cited by Torah Temimah and note 270.

3

See the Gemara in Kidushin, 8a, cited by the Torah Temimah, and note 269.

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