1)

What are the implications of the words "Acharei Nimkar Ge'ulah Tih'yeh lo"?

1.

Sifra: It implies that the obligation to redeem someone who sells himself to a Nochri only begins the moment after the sale has actually taken place


1

See Oznayim la'Torah.

2)

What are the ramifications of "Ge'ulah Tih'yeh lo"?

1.

Rashi, Ramban and Targum Yonasan: It is a Mitzvah incumbent upon every Jew to redeem his 'brother' 1 immediately 2 from the hand of the Nochri. 3

2.

Da'as Zekenim (Al Derech D'rush): After Yisrael are exiled, Hashem will redeem them. He is Echad, and Yisrael's brother


1

Ramban: If none of his relatives redeem him - as the following Pasuk explains.

2

Rashi: Before he drops to the level of his master. See Torah Temimah, note 253.

3

Refer to 25:48:2:1.

4

See Ba'al ha'Turim.

5

See Torah Temimah, note 252, and Oznayim la'Torah on Pasuk 50, citing the Rambam.

3)

What are the implications of "Echad me'Echav"

1.

Sifra: It implies that his paternal brother 1 takes precedence over his naternal one. 2


1

See also Torah Temimah on Pasuk 49, citing the Sifra and note 255.

2

See Torah Temimah, note 254. Refer also to 25:49:3:1 and note.

4)

On what grounds can one expect the Nochri to comply?

1.

Rashi (citing Kidushin 15b) and Seforno (on Pasuk 50): Becaue the Pasuk is discussing a Nochri who is under our jurisdiction. 1


1

Riva (citing Kidushin 15b): This is logical. If not what can we do? (The Eved Ivri will go free only when his master wants to free him!) Moshav Zekenim (50, citing Ri) asked why a Pasuk is needed to teach us this. (What is his source to say that this is learned from a Pasuk?

5)

Why is the current Halachah not obvious?

1.

Rashi: It teaches us that, even though he is due to go out in the Yovel anyway, it is a Mitzvah to redeem him immediately.

2.

Seforno (citing Kidushin, 20b): Because we might otherwise have thought that, since the Eved chose to become a priest to Avodah-Zarah, we should leave him where he is. 1


1

Seforno (Ibid.): As the old saying goes 'Push a stone after the one who has fallen!'

QUESTIONS ON RASHI

6)

Rashi writes (in Pasuk 50) that even though we discuss a Nochri under our jurisdiction, one must redeem the Eved Ivri for the full amount. How does this conform to the opinion that permits Gezel Nochri?

1.

Moshav Zekenim (44, citing the Riva): Since the Nochri benefited the Eved Ivri and gave him money [when he purchased him], there is more concern for Chilul Hashem than in a normal case of Gezel Nochri.

2.

Gezel Nochri is only permitted where it can be achieved without the Nochri being aware of the theft, whereas here, where the theft is obvious, it is forbidden on account of Chilul Hashem.

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