1)

What is the definition of "Batei ha'Chatzerim"?

1.

Rashi (citing Targum Onkelos) and Targum Yonasan: Houses in open towns without walls (from the time of Yehoshu'a bin Nun


1

Rashi: Like we find in Yehoshua, 13:28 and in Bereishis 25:16.

2

See Torah Temimah, note 165.

2)

Having written "Batei ha'Chatzerim" why does the Torah add "asher Ein lahem Chomah"?

1.

Erchin, 33b: To teach us that, even if they were surrounded by a way in the days of Yehoshua, they are Bagtei ha'Chatzerim, and not subject to Batei Arei Chomah. 1


1

See Torah Temimah, note 1y67.

3)

What are the implications of "asher Ein lahem Chomah Saviv"?

1.

Erchin, 32a: "Chomah" precludes where the wall consists of houses, 1 and "Saviv" precludes Teverya, where one side is surrounded by the sea. 2


1

See Torah Temimah, note 168.

2

See Torah Temimah, note 169.

4)

What is the meaning of "Al S'dei ha'Aretz Yechashev"?

1.

Rashi: It means that they have the same Din as fields (of inheritance - Rashi in Kidushin) - to be redeemed up to the Yovel, and to return to the owner when the Yovel arrives.

2.

Targum Yonasan: It means that they have the same Din as tents that are spread out over the field. 1


1

Na'ar Yonasan: Hence the Torah writes "al S'dei ha'Ha'Aretz" and not "ki'S'dei ha'Aretz"

5)

Why does the Torah insert the (otherwise superfluous) phrase "Ge'ulah Tih'yeh lo"?

1.

Rashi: It means that the seller may redeem the house immediately 1 if he so wishes.


1

Rashi: As opposed to a field, which he cannot redeem before two years. See Torah Temimah, note 170.

6)

Why is the seller permitted to redeem his house in an open city immediately, but a field only after two years?

1.

Oznayin la'Torah: Because, whereas in the case of the latter, a person can live for a while without his field and the Torah suspects that he will sell his field in order to obtain cash for a business venture and immediately buy it back, depriving the purchaser of any benefit, in the case of the foemer, a person cannot lie in the street; consequently if he cannot find a new residence, the Torah permits him to redeem his house anytime. 1


1

See Oznayin la'Torah DH 'Al S'dei ha'Aretz Yechashev', who elaborates.

7)

Why do Batei ha'Chatzerim revert to the seller in the Yovel, even though houses is a walled town do not?

1.

Refer to 25:29:2.2:1 and note.

8)

What are the implications of "u'va'Yovel Yeitzei"?

1.

Rashi: It implies that the house reverts immediately to the seller, without him having to compensate the purchaser. 1


1

Sifsei Chachamim (citing Erchin 29b): This does not apply to a field sold a year before Yovel, because, since a field is always sold for at least two years, the buyer gets another year after Yovel. See also Torah Temimah, citing 33a and note 172.

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