1)

How exactly, does the seller work out the balance that he must pay the purchaser, should he come to redeem the field before the Yovel?

1.

Rashi: He divides the sale price by the number of years of harvests (excluding the Sh'mitah year) there passed from the sale to the Yovel, thereby determining how much he paid per year. Then he deducts from the sale price the value of the years that he had the field, and pays the purchaser the balance.

2)

Who is "la'Ish asher Machar lo" referring to?

1.

Rashi: It refers to the persson to whom he sold the field. If Reuven sold the field to Shimon, who subsequently sold it to Levi, Reuven reckons with Shimon and not with Levi. Even though he is the current owner. 1


1

See Sifsei Chachamim.

3)

What if the value of the field dropped or rose? Does he reckon according to the current price or the initial one?

1.

Erchin, 30a: Either way, he reckons according to the to the lower price


1

See the Gemara cited in Torah Temimah and note 128.

4)

What are the implicatrions of "ve'Shav la'Achuzaso"?

1.

Sifra: The owner is only allowe to redeem the field before Yovel in order to return to his inheritance, but not to sell it again for profit.

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