1)

When exactly, will they ask what they will eat in the seventh year?

1.

Ramban, Da'as Zekenim Hadar Zekenim, Riva and Rosh: invert the Pasuk to read "When you will ask in the seventh year 'what will we eat [next year]?' " 1 - seeing as people normally eat what grew in the previous year. 2

2.

Seforno: They will ask before the sixth year, after they have been promised that the harvest of the sixth year will last for three years. 3 They will query this since the blessing of the sixth year will not be visible. 4


1

Refer to 2:20:3:2.

2

Riva: People normally eat the new grain from Pesach (when Chadash is permitted) until the next Pesach. They are concerned for what they will eat from Pesach of Shevi'is until the following Pesach.

3

Refer to 25:19:2:2.

4

Refer to 25:20:3:3.

2)

If one is not permitted to plant, how can one say "ve'Lo Ne'esof es Tevu'aseinu"?

1.

Rashi and Targum Yonasan: it refers to Sefichim 1 (and to wine and fruit of the trees


1

R'Akiva, in Pesachim, 51b, extrapolates from this Pasuk that the Isur of eating Sefichim in the Sh'mitah is mi'd'Oraysa. See also Torah Temimah, note 110, whose explanation tallies with the Rabbanan of R. Akiva.

3)

If Yisrael enjoy a triple-harvest in the sixth year, what are they worried about?

1.

Rashi: It is in anticipation of the people's concern as to what they will eat in the Sh'mitah that Hashem is reassuring them that the sixth year will yield a triple harvest to last until the eighth year. 1

2.

Ramban: The Pasuk is referring to the seventh Sh'mitah of the cycle, and they are concerned 2 that, if they eat what they have in the seventh year, what will they eat in the following year, which is Yovel! 3

3.

Seforno (on Pasuk 21): Refer to 25:20:1:2. Ideally, the land would have produced the usual amount, and due to the qualitative Brachah, it would have lasted for two or three years. 4 Following their query however, Hashem switched from a qualitative blessing to a quantitative one. 5


1

Refer to 25:21:1:1*

2

Ramban: To which Hashem replied that, under these circumstances, He will bless them in the sixth year with sufficient for three years - Sh'mitah, Yovel and the year after Yovel. How can the coming Pasuk state that they plant in the eighth year, which is the Yovel? Perhaps every Sh'mitah there is concern for the year after Sh'mitah; the Ramban explains that when Yovel is after Sh'mitah, the land must produce for three years. (PF)

3

Refer to 25:20:1:1.

4

A system that would have saved time of harvesting, processing food and eating.

5

Seforno: Thereby granting them the peace of mind that they lackd, when they would see that there is enough food for the three years.

4)

Seeing that everything was finished in the Shnitah, from where did they reap the corn for the Omer and the Sh'tei ha'Lechem in Yovel?

1.

Moshav Zekenim citing R. Yehudah ha'Chasid: There was a field specially designated for this, which people did not take. Surely [Sefichim of grain] fell in Sh'mitah, and sprouted in Yovel. 1


1

According to R. Akiva, who forbids Sefichim mi'd'Oraisa, how can we answer? If it is forbidden to people, it is forbidden to the Mizbe'ach! (PF)

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